INTERNATIONAL METROPOLIS CONFERENCE 2017

18 SEPTEMBER - 22 SEPTEMBER 2017, WORLD FORUM, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS

Workshops


Thursdsay 21 September
Round 2 - 16.00 - 17.30 h


Below is the complete list of workshops given on this day and time.

Please note that some workshops are following up on each other and are given on multiple days / rounds. This is mentioned in the text.

When choosing your personal program you have to fill in for each round which workshop you would like to attend, also when workshops are following up on each other.

There will be two symposia ('Business as usual?' and 'Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration') organised, that covers each day round 1 and round 2.

One symposium (The Hague: Migration and Integration on Site) is organised outside the conference venue (on Tuesday and Wednesday). If you want to attend this symposium please select round 1 and round 2. Buses will be ready to bring you to this symposium venue.

 

Workshop locations

Workshop Location
Workshop 6.1  Oceania
Workshop 6.2 Central America 
Workshop 6.3  Mississipi 
Workshop 6.4 Africa
Workshop 6.5 Europe 1
Workshop 6.6 Everest 1
Workshop 6.7  Kilimanjaro 2
Workshop 6.8 Amazon
Workshop 6.9 Kilimanjaro 1
Workshop 6.10 Europe 2
Workshop 6.13 Yangtze 1
Workshop 6.14 Yangtze 2
Workshop 6.15 South America 
Workshop 6.16 Asia
Workshop 6.17  Everest 2

 

Workshop 6.1

Education and Inclusion in Migratory Contexts: Challenges and opportunities in refugee education

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1(workshop 5.1) and 2(workshop 6.1)


The contexts of migration and integration vary enormously according to many situational factors. First, people experience push factors that make them leave their home, from forced migration, family reunion to seeking better opportunities in a highly skilled work force. Second, the societal conditions of the sending countries and in receiving societies shape the experience of newcomers. These situational factors can either make inclusion easier because of similar language and matching qualifications, or more challenging if their educational background does not meet the standards of the receiving society and their learning needs. Third, the refugees' adopted strategies and the receiving societys policies affect successful settlement. People with minimal education have specific learning needs that can sometimes remain invisible. This could be due to the assumptions based on the overall educational level of the receiving societys population as well as misrecognition of knowledge and skills. In this workshop we focus on the manifold challenges and opportunities of refugee education in migratory contexts. Examples of school and adult education practice as well as educational policy and experiences of learners will be discussed in various contexts in Australia, Finland, the Netherlands and Turkey.


Organizer:
Paula Kuusipalo, Researcher, University of Tampere

Presenters:
Carol Reid, PROFESSOR, SENIOR RESEARCHER IN THE CENTRE FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, WESTERN SYDNEY UNIVERSITY, AUSTRALIA
Mark Harris, Principal, Auburn North Public School
Umit Kiziltan, DIRECTOR GENERAL, RESEARCH AND EVALUATION, IMMIGRATION REFUGEES AND CITIZENSHIP CANADA
Yvonne Leeman, Professor, Windesheim University of Professional Studies; University of Humanistic Studies
Erna van Koeven, Researcher/teacher educator, Windesheim University of Professional Studies
Onur Unutulmaz, Lecturer, Social Sciences University of Ankara

Workshop 6.2

Attitudes Shaped by Immigration


The workshop deals with social determinants of public views towards immigrants and immigration as well as with determinants of immigrants' views toward host society’s institutions.
The following six papers are included in the workshop: 1) Re-conceptualizing tolerance and its empirical relationship to prejudice; 2) Perception, misperception and the rise of anti-immigrant sentiments; 3) The impact and implications of different types of racism for attitudes towards immigration and immigrants' integration; 4) Immigrants' trust in trade unions in Western European countries; 5) Exclusionary attitudes toward immigrants as a multidimensional phenomenon; 6) Transnational migration, migration policies and ethnic and civic conceptions of nationhood.
The papers are based on analysis of data obtained from various cross-national surveys including European Social Survey (ESS) and European Value Survey (EVS). They are implemented within a European cross-national comparative perspective.
The first paper distinguishes between the two concepts: tolerance and prejudice, and examine their relationship to attitudes on immigrants and immigration policy. The second paper focuses on public perceptions and misperceptions of the size of the immigrant population, while examining the impact of inflated views on rise of anti-immigrant sentiment. The third paper analyses the impact of core racist beliefs on the legitimation of attitudes, behaviors and public policies towards immigrants' integration. The fourth paper presents analysis of migrants' attitudes towards trade unions, paying special attention to the extent to which such attitudes differ from those of native-born. The fifth paper establishes the interrelationships among the various dimensions of exclusionary attitudes toward immigrants. The sixth paper examines the connections between citizens' concepts of belonging and citizenship and the advancement of integration laws and policies.
The topics of the proposed papers contribute to better understanding of the relationship between host society and immigrants and thus, highly relevant for public policies dealing with immigrants integration.


Organizer:
Anastasia Gorodzeisky, Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University

Presenters:
Moshe Semyonov, Professor Emeritus, Tel Aviv University
Peter Schmidt, Professor Emeritus, University of Giessen
Alice Ramos, Research Fellow, University of Lisbon
Andrea Bohman, Researcher, Umea University
Andrew Richards, Senior Researcher, Carlos III-Juan March Institute of Social Sciences
Anastasia Gorodzeisky, Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University
Dr. Lucyna Darowska, Researcher, Bielefeld University

Workshop 6.3

Diversity, belonging, inter-ethnic relations

Workshop given on Tuesday – Round 1 (workshop 1.3) and 2(workshop 2.3) + Thursday – Round 2 (workshop 6.3)


This paper deals with the newcomer´s everyday struggle to get ahead in Germany and The Netherlands while residing beyond the metropoles. Here, a newcomer means an acknowledged asylum seeker who lives more than 1 year and less than 4 years in a neighbourhood of a small or medium sized town. In Germany and The Netherlands, newcomer has been distributed all over the country according to certain rules. Hence, many of them have settled down in (shrinking) small and medium sized towns. There, they have to stay as long as they receive social security benefit. The main research questions are: 1) which kind of strategies do they develop to get ahead (despite they are restricted to move to another place)? and 2) which kind of opportunities or obstacles the newcomer´s experience in small town communities?
A great body of literature on the newcomer´s struggle to get ahead, takes the perspective of the host society. The newcomer´s ´integration´ in formal subsystems such as educational systems or labour markets is seen as a very constructive and important strategy. However, the everyday path of ´integration´ is even more complex. In order to understand this path more in detail, the paper explores the newcomer´s view on their situation in relation to the structural conditions that set a certain framework in advance and thus, shape their everyday situations and social action. The results of this study are based on the analysis of 40 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with newcomer, volunteers and governmental actors living in the area around the medium sized town Siegen (D) and in Parkstad Limburg (NL).
Presenter: Sabine Meier, Professor, University Siegen, Faculty II: Education, Architecture and Arts


Since the mid 2000’s Eritrea’s young have been leaving in droves, in numbers as high as 7,000 monthly. Traversing one of the deadliest migrant trails on earth, Eritreans constitute the second to third largest refugee group to enter the European Union. Based on fieldwork in Bologna, Italy, this paper explores young Eritreans' ambivalent relationship to the existing diaspora and the global politics of mobility that sustain inequalities between the first and second generation diaspora. For thirty years, the Eritrean Liberation Front and its successor the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) waged a guerilla war that culminated in a sovereign Eritrean nation in 1993, in which almost one quarter of Eritrea's total population was dispersed in exile (Matsuoka & Sorensen 2001). Moreover, the guerilla movement made the diaspora major stakeholders in the process of state-building, and has incorporated its diaspora in defining legal citizenship (Woldemikael 2011). Scholars have termed this earlier diasporan generation 'generation nationalism,' (Hepner 2015). The current wave of recent migrants has been shaped by changes in the global migration order (Van Hear 1998) towards one of deportation and securitization, and by the increasing repression and militarization of social life in territorial Eritrea. Contests over who has the right to move animate discourses around morality, ethics deservingness, and politics, creating new political subjectivities around shared experiences of rootlessness for Eritrea’s young. This paper locates these emergent discourses and practices in notions of care and aid. By focusing on the relationships between the first and second generation diaspora this paper further problematizes the common-sense notions that human mobility is governed through increasing securitization. Instead, this paper contextualizes Eritreans' mobility through the particular dynamics of Eritrean state formation, the political economy of exile, and transnational kinship networks in undergirded Eritreans’ capacities to claim refugee status and to organize politically.
Presenter: Fiori Berhane, PhD candidate, Brown University


Over recent years, migration researchers have become increasingly interested in examining how people in (super-)diverse environments are 'living-with-difference' (Valentine 2008). In large measure this is a response to the growing diversification of many major cities in Europe and beyond. Crucially, however, it is also an attempt to counter the concurrent phenomena of growing nationalism, populist movements, and panicked policy discourses centering on the notions of 'social cohesion' and 'integration' that are in evidence across the globe. Much of this research hones in on urban locales - from cities more broadly to neighbourhoods and concrete micro-publics such as parks, libraries, or public transport - as spaces where everyday multiculture is produced and lived and where difference is negotiated in mundane encounters with fellow city dwellers. Now spanning a large number of different geographical contexts from Europe to Oceania, this burgeoning body of work calls for a systematic review in order to take stock of current knowledge. In this presentation, I provide an analysis and synthesis of international qualitative and ethnographic studies of urban diversity published over the past ten years, from 2006 to 2016. In this analysis, I outline and compare key findings that illuminate the conditions that enable or disable urban sociability and solidarity or processes of contestation and exclusion in different geo-political contexts, and I examine the research questions and theoretical lenses that researchers have employed in order to make suggestions for shaping a research agenda.
Presenter: Jessica Terruhn, Senior Research Officer, Massey University


Finland and Russia have rich common history, and no wonder, that Russian-speaking migrants are the third largest group in Finland. We have already thoughtful research background of cultural and social interactions. However, while the role of smaller migrant groups (like Kurd and Arabs) is being actively researched, the phenomenon of belonging of Russians in Finland remains still unclear. All the more reason, political and cultural processes taken place in the Russian Federation and Ukraine have caused certain changes in different migrant groups from the former Soviet Union in Finland. In my project, I research how recent political and social changes in Russia have influenced members of Russian-speaking minority in Finland, and how migrants have responded on that. I am taking interviews among people of different social groups, like employees, students, repatriates, who have Finnish roots. Using critical discourse analysis and thematic analysis, I analyse changes of sense of belonging of my interviewees and their expectations, which, I believe, will help to understand phenomenon of multi-belonging and nationalism.
In the paper I research to what extend nationalism is represented in everyday talks and internet activity of Russian migrants in Finland.
Presenter: Evgenii Volen, PhD student, University Of Turku (Finland)


The influx of one million refugees to European Union countries in 2015 became a putative crisis in Europe. Among them, a large number of young displaced people (aged from 18-25) were, and are still going through both displacement (forced migration from one location to another) and emergency adulthood (transition from adolescence to full-fledged adulthood). A solid body of research have shown concerns to unaccompanied minors but less elaborated the issues faced by youth in transition.  In the young displaced people’s  transition to their destinations and adulthood, they are struggling to establish a life in the host communities, especially the youth who are placed in the rural area. At this particular moment, the everyday life exhibited by young people reshape their identity which furthermore impacts their wellbeing.
Therefore, the research aims to reveal the everyday life of young displaced people who were placed in rural communities and how the host communities  (especially the physical environment in rural areas) impact young displaced people’s wellbeing. Participatory action paradigm methodology was employed in the research in order to maximise the young people’s participation and to empower displaced people to exercise their rights. Young people were asked to take photos of the significant part of their daily life by themselves and they were encouraged to interpret the meanings of the photos with researcher as well as policy makers.
This presentation will firstly demonstrate the strengths by the young displaced people through showing the photos and then discuss how can the displaced people work with multi-stakeholders collectively. If possible, one or two refugees would be encouraged to speak during the presentation. Overall, the presentation will bring out an innovative participatory approach to tackling refugee issues.
Presenter: Cathy Xi Cao Master Student, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre


This paper analyzes Indian immigrant’s quest to forge a 'home' in Canada. Their emotional and psychological struggles to feel 'at home' have much to do with the biased representations of India that frequently highlight its poverty and related problems of illiteracy, superstition, gender oppression and religious conflict. There is not one imagined India but many and it is the differences that alienate and make immigrants feel that they do not belong in Canada. This heightens the immigrant’s nostalgia for their cultures and lost 'homes' in India.
Memory connects the immigrant’s with their past selves and defines their present being. The paper juxtaposes the home 'here' in India with the home 'there' in Canada to illustrate that although homes are made of brick and mortar yet they part of our imagination and longing to belong and be 'at home.' Those who have left their places of birth, to make homes in other parts of the world, find that the past continues to resonate in their voices, hovers over their silences, and explains how they came to be who they are and inhabit what they call their home.
Presenter: Vijay Agnew, Professor, York University, Canada


The contemporary migrational processes shift from singular journeys from one space to another to multiple, circular and returning migrations across transnational spaces. This transnational concept of multiple ties and connections across the borders leads to the phenomenon of transculturalism as a dynamic perspective of understanding cultures, developing skills and knowledge to navigate through multi-faceted spaces and interact.
Transculturalism is a new emerging model of learning that recognizes the interconnection of knowledge, attitudes, and skills into responsible and liberatory action to make a difference in the world - to create a more socially just, equitable, inclusive, and peaceful world. A world, where each person takes multiple and varied actions individually and collectively. An action informed by inquiry, framing, positionality, dialogue, and reflection, that can be the catalyst for social justice, transformation, and inclusion. Transcultural learning as perspective transformation allows individuals located at the crossroads of cultures to switch between cultures as a mode of being in the world, as a quest for inclusion while considering common values, oppositions, tensions, and power in interactions.
This presentation focuses on examining the transcultural framework and its application in educational programs that engage immigrants and mainstream in developing cultural competence and promoting paths for successful interaction and active participation in transnational environment.  Implemented in the community-development program in one of the largest immigrant-serving agencies in Canada, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society, the transcultural learning model became a successful practice for fostering inclusion in the society. Including the holistic perspectives of transcultural learning is also imperative for future humankind. Ultimately, transcultural learning for sustainability is oriented toward values of peace, social justice and recognition of individuals as product and producers of transculturalism.
Presenter: Sinela Jurkova, PhD Student, University of Calgary


In 2006-2012, after decades in which very few asylum seekers entered the country, over 50,000 African asylum seekers came to Israel through its then open Southern border. Most of the newly arriving asylum seekers settled in the poor neighborhoods of South Tel Aviv.
Beginning in 2011, Israeli residents of South Tel Aviv became very vocal against the continued stay of the asylum seekers in “their” neighborhoods - arguing that due to the concentration of the latters in South Tel Aviv, the quality of life in the area has further deteriorated, and blaming the pro-refugees NGOs for caring  “only about Africans. “ This friction between the  “locals “ and the  “newcomers “ led to demonstrations of the formers against the latters, verbal mutual accusations, and physical violence.
In my presentation, I will examine the predictability of this friction, based on data from other cities around the world, and suggest - in hindsight - how could this been avoided or mitigated. I would also delve into the special role of NGOs and social activists in these situations: Could and should have Israeli NGOs predicted this friction? Is the criticism against them, made by some Israelis, that they protect the rights and interests of one marginalized group (asylum seekers) while overlooking the rights and interests of another marginalized group (poor Israeli residents of South Tel Aviv) justified? Could a joint action - by Israeli citizens and asylum seekers residing in South Tel Aviv, against the State/ municipality, to better deal with over-crowdedness etc. in South Tel Aviv - have been possible if NGOs or other activists had tried this course of action before a rivalry between the two groups have erupted and things went out of control?
Presenter: Yuval Livnat, Academic Supervisor, Refugee Rights Program, Tel Aviv University


In my report I want to demonstrate how the absence of spatial segregation in the post-Soviet city, inherited from the Soviet period, affects the trajectories of social and economic integration of migrants and I will explain the absence of 'ethnic areas' in today's Moscow. I will show how the structure of post-Soviet urban environment differs from the European and U.S. ones, and uses interviews with guest workers from Central Asia to map out the barriers encountered today by migrants looking for housing, as well as the strategies they employ in their search for accommodation in Moscow.
Special attention I will paid to the role played by ethnic networks in the lives of migrant workers, and the ways in which these networks are configured by the urban space. Based on the results of my research, I will explain how the members of such communities maintain their ties and create their own social infrastructure in the city ('a Kyrgyz clinic', 'Uzbek' and 'Kyrgyz' cafes and restaurants). Again, such sites are not tied to a given quarter, but cater to co-ethnics from across the city. Information regarding 'where to receive medical treatment in Moscow' or 'where to celebrate a wedding' is transmitted through social networks, including pages on social networking sites creating by and for migrant (Demintseva and Peshkova 2014; Demintseva and Kashnitsky 2016).
Presenter: Ekaterina Demintseva, the head the Center for Family Policy and Quality of Life Studies at HSE, National Research University Higher School of Economics


This paper assesses the impact of different political, economic and environmental shocks on the size but also on the age and gender composition of asylum-related migration flows to Europe. To the authors best knowledge, no attempt has so far been made to understand how the nature of shocks in countries of origin affects the gender and age composition of asylum seeker flows toward Europe.
The authors analyze the effect of different types of shocks on the number, gender and age composition of first time asylum seekers originating from 154 sending countries. Among the political shocks, the authors consider: violence between combatants, violence against civilians, infringement of political rights and civil liberties, and state terror. Concerning environmental shocks, natural disasters (such as droughts, floods, epidemics, etc.) have been included.
The identification strategy exploits the different timing across the sending countries of the different types of shocks. The highly skewed distribution of the dependent variable is taken into account by using count data models. In particular, a Zero Inflated Negative Binomial model is adopted.
Preliminary results show that different shocks - such as armed conflict and epidemics - exert a weak immediate effect on asylum-related migration flows but almost no effect on the gender and age composition. However, this result is certainly affected by the fact that no time lags have been introduced so far. Indeed, the time lags depend on several variables, such as distance, and the identification of appropriate time lags is still in progress.
This research contributes to better informing national authorities in charge of receiving and providing assistance to migrants, since women and children/the elderly require different assistance than young men. To be prepared to offer the correct services, the relevant institutions have to be aware of changes in composition based on the shock in question.
Presenter: Christian Bruss, Junior Researcher, The Research Institute for the Evaluation of Public Policies of Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK-IRVAPP)


The presentation is aimed to balance the increasing relevance of populist movements across Europe with a multicultural approach, through a case-by-case analysis focused on specific group needs and vulnerabilities.
The presentation will argue that the ECtHR's notion of  “particularly vulnerable groups “ might be fit for this purpose.
Such an approach does take the form of an asymmetrical balance between competing rights and interests, through which vulnerable groups' needs are interpreted and prioritized, without focusing only (or mainly) on their cultural identities. Group identities are seriously taken into account, but only as a one-among-others factor, and only to the extent they produce a particular group vulnerability, that is specific and harmful conditions of need, in specific situations that are under scrutiny.
That approach blurs the opposition between majority and minorities, so as to avoid (or to lessen) populist criticisms about politics of recognition. From that point of view, majorities and minorities are on the same side of the river, because many factors can produce conditions of vulnerability, and every individual can find him/herself in condition of vulnerability. No resources are subtracted to the majority for the sake of minority recognition, nor there is an opposition between insiders and outsiders: both can be vulnerable, depending on specific situations.
Such an approach can be a step towards a more substantial idea of equality: it places an additional burden on states, by asking them to provide proofs that vulnerable people's specific conditions and needs have been considered, in order to appreciate the proportionality and reasonability of their choices.
Presenter: Fabio Macioce, Faculty member - Full professor, Lumsa University - Rome


To understand the Kurdish diaspora in London requires answering two interrelated questions of Kurdish forced migration history and Kurdish cultural identity. Thus, this study, firstly examines the history of Kurdish forced migration and displacement, exploring a common historical argument which positions the Kurds as powerless victims of the First World War (WW1). To this end it looks critically at the post-WW1 era and the development of the new nation state in the Middle East namely Turkey, Iraq and Syria. This first part creates the context for explaining and gaining a better understanding of the systematic sociopolitical marginalisation which led to forced migration of the Kurds since the 1920s.
Secondly, this study, evaluates the integration experiences of some members of the Kurdish diaspora in London, who have settled in this city since the1990s. Furthermore, this part attempts to describe the shifting position of the Kurds from victims in the Middle East with trends in ethnic integration and the negotiations of multiculturalism in London. This capital city has historically the promise and attraction for many migrants to becoming Londoners and this now includes Kurdish-Londoners.
Moreover, the comparison made of the positions and perspectives of second generation Kurds born in Britain in the 1990s, to the first generation, that came to Britain in the 1990s. This allows an exploration of the notion of identity and the idea of home and belonging in the light of contemporary changes and concomitant theories of diaspora and refugee studies, and, where necessary, challenge those ideas. Therefore, with the dual question of history and identity in mind this study attempts to innovate in methodology.
Presenter: Ayar Ata, researcher, London South Bank University


In major cities there are consultation possibilities for refugees. But what about the suburbs or countryside's that don't have anyone but the refugees still live in? What about their opportunities to become integrated and have a possibility for work?
For this exact reason, our job, "Talentscout for Refugees" was initiated by MigraNet (IQ Landesnetzwerk Bayern) and AGABY (Committee of Councels's of Immigrants in Bavaria) to be able to have us in places where no one else goes. AGABY has been in place for almost 25 years and covers a vast majority of area with their Counsels of Immigrants throughout Bavaria.
Presenter: Souzan Nicholson, Talentscout für Flüchtlinge, Projekt von MigraNet und AGABY e.V.

 

Workshop 6.4

Research innovations and their policy implications

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1(workshop 5.4) and 2 (workshop 6.4)

In multicultural Canada, citizenship and consumption ideas have intersected and interweaved to such a degree that it has been hard to make them distinguishable after all. As the focus of a doctoral project successfully defended in the University of Toronto in 2016, this idea summarizes the conceptual framework used for the analysis of the social practices of immigrants who were taking part in mentoring/volunteer programs in Toronto. Discursively presented and then executed as inclusive endeavors, these initiatives basically involved the interactions of groups of Canadian born or immigrant mentors with newcomer mentees. During the fieldwork, these working groups were getting ready to, and then were effectively volunteering in recreational activities in 2013. The studied participants had instrumental and/or community-based needs that they were hoping to meet through their involvement in these programs. Through observations of their interactions and interviews with the participants, the outcomes from this study revealed situations that are not necessarily constructive or inclusive from a critical standpoint. Evidences have pointed at an objectification of immigrants through supposedly creative citizenship acts developed under the Canadian multicultural brand. In fact, the findings seem to reflect a society that has mainly concentrated on economic matters. In this context, the participants performed a
hybrid type of consumption-citizenship that cannot be fully understood or explained through conventional citizenship theories. Clearly at odds with more basic citizenship issues faced by immigrants in many other countries nowadays, a close look at the portrayal painted here tends to be disconcerting because Canadian multiculturalism is still widely considered to be ‘the way to go’, or even ‘the best of all evils’ in terms of immigrant integration.
Presenter: Hewton Tavares, Alumnus, University of Toronto


New Zealand’s Migrant Settlement and Integration Strategy focuses on effectively settling and integrating migrants so that they "make New Zealand their home, participate fully and contribute to all aspects of New Zealand life."
The availability of good information for newcomers underpins the effectiveness of all settlement interventions. In 2014 Immigration New Zealand’s Settlement Unit at the Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment implemented a new approach to providing information, assistance and referral services to help new migrants settle and work in New Zealand.
A nationwide not-for-profit organisation provides a free walk-in service through its offices to help members of the community to access information and understand their rights and obligations. The Settlement Unit has contracted the organisation to support migrants, recognising that some newcomers may prefer to talk to someone face to face, rather than access telephone, email or internet services.
Traditional customer feedback surveys cannot effectively assess the performance of an information service, because newcomers ‘do not know what they do not know’. An innovative approach was required to evaluate the effectiveness of the information support service, beyond customer experience. Mystery shopping, a methodology widely used in the retail environment to assess how staff respond to customers, was adapted to provide an annual assessment of service performance.
This paper will discuss how the ‘mystery shopping’ evaluation was conducted, including developing information-seeking scenarios that were tested by ‘shoppers’ posing as new migrants, the reporting format, and how the findings have been utilised by the management to provide targeted training to the volunteers who staff their offices and support new migrants.
Presenter: Geeta Das, Senior Research Analyst, Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand Government


Despite the continuing demand for data on immigrants and ethnic minorities and an increasing availability of socio-economic migration statistics, a considerable lack of comparable data across the EU on fundamental rights issues concerning immigrants and ethnic minorities persists. The reasons are manifold such as diverging definitions of target Groups to be surveyed and difficulties to properly cover the target populations with traditional data collection methods. One of the main challenges faced when surveying hard-to-reach groups is the lack of sampling frames or their incompleteness. A cross-country and/or cross-cultural survey design introduces additional complexity in surveying immigrants and ethnic minorities. The paper discusses these challenges by outlining the approach of the Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II), which the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) conducted in 2015-2016 to assess progress over the past seven years since the first EU-MIDIS survey carried out in 2008.
This EU-MIDIS II survey gathered comparable data in all 28 EU Member States to assist EU institutions in developing evidence-based legal and policy responses to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of persons with immigrant or ethnic minority background, including Roma. It covers topics such as experiences of discrimination in different areas of life, criminal victimisation (including hate crime), and many aspects of social inclusion and societal participation.
Presenter: Rossalina LATCHEVA, Senior Programme Manager - Statistics and Surveys, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Vienna


Ireland transformed from a country of net emigration to net immigration in a relatively short period. The integration of new migrants is a pressing challenge for the Irish government with a range of reports showing that this challenge has intensified since the start of the recession in Ireland, particularly in relation to immigrant employment, poverty, housing, education and health (MIPEX 2015a; OECD/EU 2015). While comparative macro-level indicators of integration at EU level show a number of areas where there are difficulties with the process of integration in Ireland, little is known about the specific ways in which integration may be understood and experienced in national contexts, by specific groups or in specific regions. We show how mapping integration at the sub-national social and spatial scale reveals a disparity in the level of successful integration between different migrant groups in Ireland. We indicate how collaboration with community organisations identifies and constructs additional indicators of integration that express the obstacles and successes of integration in Ireland. Our research raises questions about the extent to which evidence-based policy on integration is necessary in order to remove obstacles experienced by specific groups in different regions of Ireland.
Presenter: Jennifer Dagg, postdoctoral research, Maynooth University, Ireland


The word 'diversity' pops up continually in public and social debates when issues such as immigration and immigrants are discussed. Based on the interest that society shows in immigrants and integration, it seems that issues related to diversity have become everyday topics of conversation in Norway.
The ethnic and cultural diversity in Norway is greater now than ever before. Norway is a small country on a global scale, but we have one of the fastest growing populations in Europe.
How does diversity manifest itself in the population statistics? Is it possible to measure it in any way? Statistics Norway publishes annual statistics on immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents. There is a great demand for these statistics. Immigration policy is a key area of the political parties' policies, as well as State governance and public debate in general. The statistics on immigrants are also of great importance in research, particularly within demographics and other social sciences.
How do we categorise?
The presentation will show a statistical method that is used to group the entire Norwegian population according to their own, their parents and their grandparents' country of birth. We will show how the Norwegian population looks based on information on country of birth for three generations. Who are the immigrants in our statistics? We have selected four groups to further presentation because they have some special features we want to describe: the population without immigrant background, Immigrants, Norwegian-born children of immigrants, half-Norwegian and born in Norway and third generation.
Presenter:
Minja Tea Dzamarija, Senior Adviser/Team Leader, Statistics Norway

Researchers:
Lucas Miranda, Migration Institute of Finland
Yousif Haddad, Migration Institute of Finland
Marko Juntunen, Migration Institute of Finland / University of Helsinki
Tuomas Martikainen, Migration Institute of Finland


The number of asylum seeker grew rapidly in Finland in 2015. Asylum seekers were settled in reception centers run by different organizations under the auspices of Migri, but also other housing solutions exists. However, most of the asylum seekers live in reception centers as they wait for a decision to their asylum application. Once they get a positive reply they need seek housing outside of the center. Many receive assistance from reception center to find a new location to settle, but several use other, private means to find housing. We are currently amidst the times, when asylum seekers of 2015 are receiving positive or negative decisions for their applications. As the numbers are large, there remains much uncertainty where the individuals end up after the decision.
The presentation is part of the activities of the URMI project - Urbanisation, Mobilities and Immigration research consortium funded by the Strategic Research Council / Academy of Finland. The subproject looks at how those recently arrived asylum seekers that have received a residence permit find their way into Finnish municipalities. The paper will discuss methodological challenges in studying recently arrived asylum seekers in Finland. Particular attention will be directed at how contact is established and about the process of gaining trust between the researcher and the recent asylum seeker.
37 interviews have been done until this stage (4.2.2017) and analyzing the entire research materials will be completed by the end of April, 2017.
Presenter: Miranda Lucas, Researcher, Institute of Migration - Finland

 

Workshop 6.5

Migration and Health

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1 (workshop 5.5) and 2 (workshop 6.5)


There is an ongoing need to prepare future health care providers and others to serve the needs of refugees now and in the future. This presentation will include a summary of experiences with graduate and undergraduate students from different disciplines all interested in learning about the inter-sectoral and community responses and roles to support refugee resettlement. This work is ongoing and the information presented is focused on a large city which is one of eight reception centers for refugees arriving to Ontario, Canada.
The paper will highlight the array of student backgrounds and interests, the match of student interests with opportunities that community agencies and NGOs were and are able to support while meeting their needs. A sample of projects will highlight some of the challenges and benefits of these partnerships. Project include an evaluation of a model of care provision, a pilot study of workplace integration and developing education programming for staff at an NGO. Ethical concerns, managing expectations and ensuring that agency staff and clients were respected and protected from additional burdens will be discussed. The presentation will also include an overview of learning materials developed from these experiences including a case scenario for health professional students and a graduate level course on Refugee Health Policies and Practices. Feedback from agency staff, clients and participating students will be included.
Presenter: Olive Wahoush, Associate Professor & Associate Director Newcomer Health, Community and International Outreach, McMaster University, McMaster University


In many areas of the world there is a demand for provision of care that is culturally, linguistically and professionally diverse. However, service delivery in the healthcare sector is heavily regulated with many preconditions for employment. This can make timely and efficient workforce integration a significant challenge. In Canada, 21% of the total population is foreign-born and this number is expected to grow over the next 10 years. Immigrants who are internationally educated nurses (IENs) are a valuable resource to meet the needs of the changing demographic however they face challenges in finding employment that matches their qualifications and skills. According to the Fairness Commissioner of Ontario, 17.5% of IENs are employed at or above their skill level compared to 64.5% of domestically educated nurses. Underemployment of nurses in Canada was addressed by cross-ministerial, multi-sectoral interventions aimed at reducing barriers to fair and equitable employment. This presentation will examine barriers to employment through a social justice and equity lens. It will identify government and regulatory approaches that resulted in employment best practices in the health sector which led to more fair and equitable opportunities for immigrant nurses to integrate into the healthcare workforce.
A mixed method design was used including a literature review, interviews with cross-ministerial policy-makers and a survey of healthcare employers. Results showed that employers identified both political and structural barriers to IEN employment including a lack of Canadian experience and communication/language barriers. Best practices that emerged included an organizational vision that incorporates care of diverse patient populations, the use of innovative approaches to build and diversify the nursing workforce and cultural awareness training for managers and staff. It is critical that decision-makers develop policies to support the effective integration of nurses into the Canadian health system.
Presenter: Andrea Baumann, Associate Vice-President, Global Health, McMaster University


Human mobility increase rapidly, internal and international migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers, international students, business travelers and tourists all around the world. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees constitute a significant and growing proportion of the general population of countries in Europe. They have limited access to social and integration information, lacking the language of the country in which they are displaced; they may be unaware of local cultural communication. Among them most vulnerable group migrants with disabilities need special protection of their rights taking into account their physical and psychological specificities in order to help them better integration in new host countries.
This paper will focus on my practical experiences as migrants with disabilities and working for Disabled Peoples’ Organization(DPOs) ; My presentation will explain how I was removing all kinds of barriers (cultural, social, economic, procedural, physical, communication and attitudinal) and well integrated in host country through develop network of DPOs, migrants group, participate in study on migrants, shares my experiences, encourage stakeholders and peer supports.
Having these experiences, issue is frontline that most of migrants are resourceful in many way with a unique set of skills and capacities. Migrants are not just beneficiaries, but also participants with skills and capacities, contributing to the host society. And it allowed me to invite multi stakeholders to contribute to more ‘inclusive societies’ and “no one left behind” practices. Migrants, themselves could value their important expertise with their living experiences for a more inclusive approach to ensure human rights of Migrants with slogan ‘Migrants for All’.
Presenter: Hannan Mohamed, Coordinator(coordination & developement), Disabled Peoples International -Europe.


The successful settlement of immigrants and refugees is inextricably linked to a focus on health and well-being. This presentation will demonstrate and share health focused education and interventions that positively influence immigrant and refugee settlement outcomes.
S.U.C.C.E.S.S. is one of Canada’s largest settlement agencies and has delivered integrated settlement and health services to immigrants and refugees for over 44 years. Located in Vancouver, British Columbia, S.U.C.C.E.S.S. serves over 50 thousand newcomers to Canada’s western regions per year. S.U.C.C.E.S.S. offers innovative settlement, employment and language training services and has a strong focus on housing and supports for seniors.
This presentation highlights the crucial role community services play in supporting immigrant and refugee well-being throughout the settlement process. Five best practices are showcased: 1) integrating health education within traditional 'settlement' services; 2) supporting settlement needs as they relate to life stage; 3) focusing on interrelated dimensions of mental health; 4) ensuring family health is actively supported through specialized programming and 5) providing facilitated opportunities for local community integration. These five factors are not only significant supports in themselves but when integrated together and within settlement and orientation services for immigrants and refugees, they form a very strong foundational basis from which synergies of strength, inclusion and settlement success emerge.
A holistic focus on these five best practices support the faster integration of newcomers, and can proactively address issues of pre-existing trauma and the negative impacts of migration stress. This presentation highlights the need for health related policy and service responses during critical moments within the settlement and integration continuum and identifies further research areas.
Presenter: Queenie Choo, Chief Executive Officer, S.U.C.C.E.S.S.


Refugee settlement is a challenging and complex experience for many new arrivals. The complexities are compounded for individuals and families impacted by disability. In the past five years, there have been increasing numbers of refugees resettled in Australia with varying disabilities, including both intellectual and physical disability. This trend can be attributed to changes migration policy in July 2012, whereby a streamlined health waiver was implemented to render no costs for health or community care services being considered undue for humanitarian entrants (Australian Government, 2012). This change in policy has been has been widely supported by many organisations however has had significant impact on direct service delivery with refugees. Resettlement of humanitarian entrants with a disability in Australia has also emerged in the context of a current roll out of Australia’s National Disability Insurance Scheme, presenting an overhaul of its current disability support system.
Drawing from practitioner’s experience and the perspectives of refugees with disabilities and their cares, we will unpack the varied challenges that people with a disability face when resettling in a new country. Our presentation will also highlight how on the frontline under a national government funded case management program, the Complex Case Support Programme, the Liverpool Migrant Resource Centre has worked to address these challenges with Syrian and Iraqi refugees settling into South Western Sydney, currently one of the largest refugee settlement regions in Australia. In conclusion, we explore transferable best practice principles for working with a refugee with a disability in their resettlement process, to support both social inclusion and integration into a new country.
Presenter: Olivia Nguy, Western Sydney MRC


Traditional measures of economic integration such as demographic characteristics, immigration history and social capital have provided partial explanations for difficulties experienced by immigrants. Previous research has shown that it is a complex mix of both individual attributes and contextual factors that shapes the ability of the immigrant to achieve economic integration. Despite research into the various types of indicators that lead to labour market economic integration, the current literature does not fully explain the ongoing economic integration challenges experienced by certain groups of skilled immigrant in Canada over the past decade. We argue that the relationship between ethnicity, immigration history and economic integration is more complex than has previously recognized. This research explores additional factors influencing economic integration documented in the ethnicity literature, that is, ethnic identities and attitudes. A specific professional group in Canada within regulated professions, internationally educated nurses (IENs), was selected as a case study. These immigrants have been documented to experience greater difficulties in entering the labour market, resulting in unemployment or underemployment. The assumption that professional immigrants from certain countries or those who possess advanced education are more successful than others might be misleading if other non-ethnic units of analysis or observation are not considered. A new economic integration model which includes demographic, ethnic and contextual indicators is proposed. The results of this quantitative study raise awareness about the need to adopt a more multidimensional approach to understanding the factors that influence successful economic integration of one group of skilled immigrants in Canada. Implications for policy changes in current credentialing processes of skilled immigrants in regulated professions are discussed.

Presenter: Lillie Lum, Associate Professor York University

 

Workshop 6.6

Syrian-Conflict Refugees: comparative insights into policy initiatives and settlement outcomes

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1(workshop 5.6) and 2 (workshop 6.6)


The Syrian conflict has generated an unprecedented flow of refugees across Europe and other countries, including Canada, Australia and New Zealand who have admitted a cohort of Syrian conflict refugees in addition to their annual humanitarian intakes. These countries face new challenges in providing successful settlement outcomes for the refugees as well as challenging anti-immigrant/anti-refugee political discourses that these new intakes have generated. Comparative insights into the different policy responses and national, provincial and local initiatives in the area of employment, education, housing and language training to Syrian conflict refugees in a wide range of countries holds the promise of new insights and perspectives into the challenges of resettlement and into innovative practices that could be replicated in other countries. This workshop presents insights from academics, government officials and NGO representatives from Germany, Sweden, Finland, Canada, New Zealand and Australia and is part of a continuing comparative research network on Syrian conflict refugees that was first convened at the International Metropolis Conference Nagoya in 2017 and will be reconvened at the International Metropolis Conference Sydney in 2018


Organizer:
Jock Collins, Professor, UTS Business school/ University of Technologu Sydney

Presenters:
Jock Collins, Professor, UTS Business school/ University of Technologu Sydney
Pieter Bevelander, Director, Director, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare, Malmo University, Sweden
Paul Spoonley, Pro Vice Chancelor, Massey University, New Zealand
Gail Ker, CEO, Access Group International, Logan, Queensland
Shad Wari, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity
Enrico del Castelo, Director, Knowledge, Mobilization and Partnerships, Research & Evaluation, Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
Caroline Hough, Home Office
Tuomas Martikainen, Professor, Director Migration Institute of Finland

 

Workshop 6.7

Mixed migration - challenges and options for an ongoing project of asylum and migration policy


Migration to Europe has increased considerably in the last two years. Above all, the very high numbers of asylum applications poses major challenges for many receiving countries. A particularly tricky policy-issue represents the mixing of forced and economic migration, the so-called mixed migration flows. Many (economic) migrants are trying to receive a residence permit in a destination country by filing an (often hopeless) asylum application. One consequence is an additional burden for asylum systems in host countries that currently are under strain anyways. In fact, the motives and paths of refugees and (economic) migrants are increasingly difficult to differentiate.

Two developments in particular have contributed to this interlinkage between flight and economic migration: First, since the adoption of the Geneva Refugee Convention, the causes of refugee flight have changed from a primarily individual or group-specific persecution to a flight from general or gender-specific violence, or one driven by the destruction of economic and environmental necessities for life. Second, refugees and migrants are increasingly using the same (irregular) migration routes, with the help of human smugglers. The most important reason here is that most industrialized and emerging countries do not offer sufficient legal migration options for refugees and migrants.

In order to manage migration in a fair and pro-active way, it is important that available legal migration channels match migration motives as far as possible. This can help to leave the modus of short-term crisis management that has dominated migration policy in Europe recently and strengthen popular confidence in the successful management of migration. This workshop will discuss policy options to disentangle forced and economic migration in order to deal with the complex topic of mixed migration.


Organizer:
Matthias Mayer, Project Manager, Bertelsmann Stiftung

Presenters:
Steffen Angenendt, Head of Research Division Global Issues, German Institute for International and Security Affairs
Bram Frouws, Policy and Research Coordinator, Global Mixed Migration Secretariat of the Danish Refugee Council
Raffaella Greco Tonegutti, Migration and Mobility Policy Officer, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, European Commission

 


Workshop 6.8

Why do migration and integration policies fail?


The European Commission as well as individual countries and international organizations have been dealing with the seemingly continuous arrival of refugees and other migrants by designing and implementing policies that aim at: i) channeling these migratory flows, i) enhancing and outsourcing border control, and iii) addressing root causes (economic underdevelopment, absence of rule of law, etc.). While it is hard to get an overview of all policy interventions, let alone the intricacies of their implementation, many commentators nonetheless believe that such policies are not achieving their objectives and are having serious negative side-effects. For instance, migration policies do not brake the business model of traffickers, but create better market conditions; many people lose their lives, fundamental values of international protection are at stake and the impression of a powerless and ignorant government is manifest. This rather pessimistic take is undoubtedly fanned by populist politicians and opportunistic journalists. Migration has become a toxic issue, affecting a multitude of other social fields and policy domains, including housing, employment, social cohesion, and security. What is wrong with these policies then?
The anthropologist James Scott argued in Seeing Like A State (1998) that 'modernist' governmental policies often assume more or less simplistic standardized situations as in abridged maps. People of flesh and blood are not really in the picture, and for as far as they are they have no individual qualities or interests, and lack agency. Real life, however, is full of unexpected situations, is partly driven by local knowledge, is dogged by contingencies. Scott therefore recommends that policy makes take small steps, favor reversibility, plan for surprise, and plan for human interventions. How and to what extent are policy failures affected by these kinds of shortcomings?
Or are we dealing with a different type of problem? It is thinkable that the policies have been correctly designed and formulated, but that the implementation hits on a host of obstacles. Have insufficient resources been made available? Did externalities interfere with the implementation of these programs? Are we confronted with incompatibilities of different branches and levels of international, regional, national and local government.
This workshops wants to address these issues by organizing a roundtable discussion revolving around the question why policies do not yield the results they were expected to yield. What are the obstacles to the implementation of policies? And how to overcome these?


Organizer:
Jan Rath, Professor of Urban Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam
Presenters:
Dawn Edlund, Associate Assistant Deputy Minister,Operations, Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
Howard Duncan, Executive Head, Metropolis, Metropolis
John Simmons, Policy maker / advisor
Tesseltje de Lange, Co-Chair, Dutch Advisory Committee on Migration Affairs
Cecile Raillant, Program Manager, Joint Migration and Development Initiative
Peter Bosch, Policy maker / advisor, European Commission
Frank Duvell, COMPAS, University of Oxford
Marco Scipioni, European Commission, Joint Research Centre

 

Workshop 6.9

Challenges and solutions in integrating refugees

Workshop given on Thursday - round 1(workshop 5.11) and 2 (workshop 6.9)


With the current immigration of refugees, Europa is facing major challenges. The influx has been larger than Europe has experiences in many decades and includes challenges on a wide range of areas. In this workshop we are focusing on integration of refugees - integration into the labour market and integration into the civil society. Successful integration requires considering not only measures to support labour market inclusion, but also other additional measures and services such family reunifications, access to healthcare, psycho-social support and rehabilitation, legal counsel, as well as language training. The workshop invites papers that may contribute to highlight the variety of forms of integration processes - with focus on both challenges and solutions. Also papers that highlight different forms of combating discrimination and improving of position for these groups will be appreciated. We are interested in experiences, challenges and dilemmas that are embedded in these initiatives. The workshop invites papers from social scientists as well as NGOs and practitioners.


Organizer:
Berit Berg, NTNU Social Research, Norway

Presenters:
Trine Lund Thomsen, Aalborg University, Denmark
Kristin Thorshaug, INTERFACE Politikstudien Forschung Beratung, Switzerland
Veronika Paulsen, NTNU Social Research, Norway
Marianne Garvik, NTNU Social Research, Norway
Stina Svendsen, NTNU Social Research, Norway
Rannveig Aasheim, Save the Children, Norway
Mariana Nardone, Postdoc Fellow, Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales (IDICSO, Universidad del Salvador, Argentina); Centre for Global Cooperation Research (CGCR, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany)

 

Workshop 6.10

Investing in Refugee Talent: Rethinking Popular Assumptions


With over 65 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, migration and mobility of refugees is a policy issue that affects all countries - those from which people are fleeing, those that are hosting refugees, and those that are helping to resettle refugees. Economic integration of refugees in host countries is an important factor in the overall response to this crisis. This workshop will provide insights and examples that have each demonstrated leadership and innovation in responding to this crisis and to help connect refugees to employment.
In 2015, Canada restated its commitment to welcoming refugees in response to the crisis in Syria, and helped resettle 25,000 Syrian refugees. British Columbia, Canada’s western-most province received over 3000 refugees in 2015-2016,  nearly three times the annual average. Building an occupational skills profile of the refugees settling in B.C. and connecting them to employers required a system-wide approach.
Germany received an unprecedented 890,000 refugees in 2015. The country now grapples with processing the large numbers of applications for asylum and helping to settle them. Germany now needs a long-term plan to tackle problems such as lack of language skills, work permits for asylum seekers, and incentives for employers that hire refugees.
Around the world countries face significant skill gaps in the local workforce. A recent survey of more than 42,000 hiring managers in 43 countries found that 40 percent of employers worldwide are having trouble filling jobs. On the other hand, millions of people, many of them skilled workers, are displaced from their homes by war and terror and are not allowed to work legally in countries where they have sought refuge. Thus, the talents of this population are going to waste. Connecting employers to this talent pool creates a pathway to resettlement for the refugees and economic dividends for the employers.


Organizer:
Sangeeta Subramanian, Senior Manager, Workplace Development, Immigrant Employment Council of BC

Presenters:
Anne Gueller-Frey, Transnational Coordinator, MigraNet
Sayre Nyce, Executive Director, Talent Beyond Boundaries
Sangeeta Subramanian, Senior Manager, Workplace Development, Immigrant Employment Council of BC

 

Workshop 6.13

Symposium: Business as Usual? Labor Market Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Workshop given on Tuesday – round 1(workshop 1.13) and 2 (workshop 2.13) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.13) and 2 (workshop 4.13) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.13) and 2 (workshop 6.13)

Panel 3, Thursday September 21: “Factual Communication in Post-Factual Times”

Moderation: Mihaela Vieru
Populism on all sides of the political spectrum draws from what is now labelled “post-factual” communication strategies –  strategies, in other words, that are driven by the communication of beliefs rather than data; that are often disconnected from the factual details of policy; and that choose to ignore evidence which might contradict their claims. This panel will consider the underlying principle of post-factual communication and discuss how discourse might be better informed by evidence.

Session 2: “Countering Post-Factual Discourses: A Brainstorming Session”

The second session is an organized brainstorming session with the presenters of the first session. Aditionally, Michael Hameleers from the University of Amsterdam will join the discussion and summarize the basic aspects of populism in order to enable the speakers and audience to boil down the general lessons and principles learned on populism and post-factual strategies in session 1 to practical guidelines of how to deal with post-factual discourses. This brainstorming session will circle around one specific case study, such as high(er) refugees’ unemployment rates. Europeanization designates the process through which political and economic dynamics of sovereign European countries have become part of the organizational labor market logic of the EU.

Confirmed Speakers:

  • Michael Hameleers, University of Amsterdam
  • + Brainstorming with participants of session 1 :  Marley Morris, Senior Research Fellow, IPPR and Ulrike Grassinger, Director of Counterpoint

A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and the Network “Integration through Qualification” (IQ) from Germany. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium2.php

 

Workshop 6.14

Symposium: Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration: Reappraising Traditional Discussions 

Workshop given on Tuesday – round 1(workshop 1.14) and 2 (workshop 2.14) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.14) and 2 (workshop 4.14) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.14) and 2 (workshop 6.14)


A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and MiReKoc at Koç University in Istanbul. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium.php

 

Workshop 6.15

Asylum-Seeker Accommodation in Europe: Considering Scales of Policy and Practice

Workshop given on Wednesday round 2(workshop 4.17) + Thursday round 2 (workshop 6.15)


Since the Autumn of 2015, Europe has received over one million asylum-seekers from a variety of origins. Subsequently, receiving societies and states have engaged in numerous tasks of asylum-seeker accommodation (providing housing and sustenance, financial support, healthcare, legal services, and language training). The large-scale and relatively rapid creation of institutional arrangements for substantial numbers of asylum-seekers has necessarily entailed complex organizational measures, requiring a range of actors, perspectives, strategies, and resources at various levels and scales.
While broad decisions regarding asylum-seeker accommodation have been made on European and national levels, it has been on the local level that asylum-seeker accommodation has been implemented and engaged. Accommodation measures and practices have been developed and undertaken by, among others, municipal departments, churches, mosques and welfare organizations, schools and universities, sports clubs and volunteer groups.
Increasingly, social scientists have observed local institutional dynamics, public reactions and experiences of asylum-seekers. The specificity of contexts is clear: in order to understand and assess the accommodation of asylum-seekers, there is much to take into account about the local socio-cultural, historical, demographic and political contexts in which is occurs. How, while bearing in mind local contexts of asylum-seeker accommodation, can we also gain insights into comparative and large scale processes and outcomes? In light of European and national policies, how much innovative and alternative practice has been possible in local contexts? Can lessons from local experiences be scaled-up? And how, in understanding local, national, and European scales, can we keep asylum-seekers’ own perceptions, needs and aspirations in sight?
In addition to facilitating public debate on pressing issues, the aim of the workshop will be to compile and refine a special issue of a top ranking academic journal.


Chairs:
Steven Vertovec and Jeroen Doomernik
Presenters:
Enrico del Castelo, Director, Knowledge, Mobilization and Partnerships, Research & Evaluation, Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)
Dan Hiebert , Professor, University of British Columbia.
Roswitha Weiler, Dutch Council for Refugees
Jock Collins, Professor, University of Technology Sydney

 

Workshop 6.16

Expediting the Integration of Skilled Migrants into the Local Labour Market


The current global movement of both forced and voluntary migration, has created many challenges and opportunities for sending and receiving countries. One area of migration that seems to be widely accepted by receiving countries is the flow of skilled migrants, despite some dissatisfaction from countries experiencing the departure of highly educated and skilled citizens.  Unfortunately for certain countries, the incentive for migration is much stronger that the reasons presented to stay. As a result, millions of skilled immigrants are migrating to countries where they feel they would have better opportunities for both themselves and their families.  One of the major challenges faced by both skilled immigrants, and receiving countries, is the integration of skilled immigrants into the local labour market. Research conducted in this area has identified a number of barriers including: language proficiency, recognition of international qualifications, lack of local work experience, racism, etc. As these challenges continue, governments and businesses have recognized the importance of expedited integration of skilled immigrants into the local labour market. Since most industrial countries are facing similar challenges, consistency of sharing best practices on policy development, program design and delivery methodologies, amongst engaged stakeholders, could help to remove barriers around initiatives that support integration into labour markets.  As a major receiving country for skilled immigrants, Canada has invested in creating partnerships between business communities, regulatory bodies, educational institutions, as well as, community organizations, to formulate a local solution to a national challenge. There are already strong conversations amongst States in this area, however, there are limited opportunities for educational institutions and community organizations to share their challenges and successes and learn from each other. This session will explore research findings, policy development, program design and some of the innovative and holistic approaches towards the integration of skilled immigrants into local labour markets.


Presenters:
Fariborz Birjandian, CEO, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society
Nina Staal, Team Leader Migrant Training, Resettlement and Integration, IOM
Corinne Prince, Director General, Integration and Foreign Credentials Referral Office, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC)

 

Workshop 6.17

Fair Labour Market Integration of Refugees


European countries including Germany are challenged with offering refugees pathways to participation and integration into society as quickly and successfully as possible. In this process job opportunities are a key factor. But what could a successful and fair labour market integration look like and how could it be implemented? What are the experiences so far?

This workshop focuses on development processes and challenges of fair labour market participation for refugees. Following questions will be discussed: Which factors promote/hinder fair integration? How can refugees be assisted in accessing local labour markets, find jobs corresponding to their qualifications, avoid precarious employment and exploitative conditions? How can a successful transition from vocational training to work be organized?

In the first stage of the workshop, challenges and labour market policy discourses will be systematically illustrated. Insights gained from projects in Germany will be compared to those in Sweden and Ireland. Also European cross-border labour market participation will be discussed.

Subsequently the new initiative 'Fair Integration of Refugees', which is part of the funding programme IQ (Integration through Qualification), will be introduced. This initiative by the German Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs is the first of its kind in Germany. It seeks to establish nationwide consulting services for refugees concerning employee rights, labour standards, recognition of foreign qualifications and labour market participation. The initiative will work towards conducting nationwide needs- and impact-analysis of labour market policy.

The workshop will be facilitated by Minor - Projektkontor für Bildung und Forschung in collaboration with Tür an Tür / MigraNet - IQ Landesnetzwerk Bayern. Since 2015 IQ's Fachstelle Einwanderung is based at Minor. Minor is an important player within the discourse of fair integration of refugees in Germany. Tür an Tür is a firmly integrated player in the context of labour market integration of refugees in Germany.


Presenter: Doritt Komitowski, Project Coordinator, Minor - Projektkontor für Bildung und Forschung