INTERNATIONAL METROPOLIS CONFERENCE 2017

18 SEPTEMBER - 22 SEPTEMBER 2017, WORLD FORUM, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS

Workshops


Thursday, September 21, 2017
Round 1 - 14.00 - 15.30h


Below is the complete list of workshops given on this day and time.

Please note that some workshops are following up on each other and are given on multiple days / rounds. This is mentioned in the text.

When choosing your personal program you have to fill in for each round which workshop you would like to attend, also when workshops are following up on each other.

There will be two symposia ('Business as usual?' and 'Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration') organised, that covers each day round 1 and round 2.

One symposium (The Hague: Migration and Integration on Site) is organised outside the conference venue (on Tuesday and Wednesday). If you want to attend this symposium please select round 1 and round 2. Buses will be ready to bring you to this symposium venue.

 

Workshop 5.1

Education and Inclusion in Migratory Contexts: Challenges and opportunities in refugee education

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1 (workshop 5.1) and 2 (workshop 6.1)


The contexts of migration and integration vary enormously according to many situational factors. First, people experience push factors that make them leave their home, from forced migration, family reunion to seeking better opportunities in a highly skilled work force. Second, the societal conditions of the sending countries and in receiving societies shape the experience of newcomers. These situational factors can either make inclusion easier because of similar language and matching qualifications, or more challenging if their educational background does not meet the standards of the receiving society and their learning needs. Third, the refugees adopted strategies and the receiving society’s policies affect successful settlement. People with minimal education have specific learning needs that can sometimes remain invisible. This could be due to the assumptions based on the overall educational level of the receiving society’s population as well as misrecognition of knowledge and skills. In this workshop we focus on the manifold challenges and opportunities of refugee education in migratory contexts. Examples of school and adult education practice as well as educational policy and experiences of learners will be discussed in various contexts in Australia, Finland, the Netherlands and Turkey.


Organizer:
Paula Kuusipalo, Researcher, University of Tampere

Presenters:
Carol Reid, Professor, Senior Researcher in the Centre for Educational Research, Western Sydney University, Australia
Mark Harris, Principal, Auburn North Public School
Umit Kiziltan, Director General, Research and Evaluation, Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canda
Yvonne Leeman, Professor, Windesheim University of Professional Studies; University of Humanistic Studies
Erna van Koeven, Researcher/teacher educator, Windesheim University of Professional Studies
Onur Unutulmaz, Lecturer, Social Sciences University of Ankara

Workshop 5.2

Attitudes Shaped by Immigration

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1 (workshop 5.2) and 2 (workshop 6.2)


The workshop deals with social determinants of public views towards immigrants and immigration as well as with determinants of immigrants views toward host society’s institutions.
The following six papers are included in the workshop: 1) Re-conceptualizing tolerance and its empirical relationship to prejudice; 2) Perception, misperception and the rise of anti-immigrant sentiments; 3) The impact and implications of different types of racism for attitudes towards immigration and immigrants integration; 4) Immigrants trust in trade unions in Western European countries; 5) Exclusionary attitudes toward immigrants as a multidimensional phenomenon; 6) Transnational migration, migration policies and ethnic and civic conceptions of nationhood.
The papers are based on analysis of data obtained from various cross-national surveys including European Social Survey (ESS) and European Value Survey (EVS). They are implemented within a European cross-national comparative perspective.
The first paper distinguishes between the two concepts: tolerance and prejudice, and examine their relationship to attitudes on immigrants and immigration policy.The second paper focuses on public perceptions and misperceptions of the size of the immigrant population, while examining the impact of inflated views on rise of anti-immigrant sentiment. The third paper analyses the impact of core racist beliefs on the legitimation of attitudes, behaviors and public policies towards immigrants' integration. The fourth paper presents analysis of migrants attitudes towards trade unions, paying special attention to the extent to which such attitudes differ from those of native-born. The fifth paper establishes the interrelationships among the various dimensions of exclusionary attitudes toward immigrants. The sixth paper examines the connections between citizens; concepts of belonging and citizenship and the advancement of integration laws and policies.
The topics of the proposed papers contribute to better understanding of the relationship between host society and immigrants and thus, highly relevant for public policies dealing with immigrants integration.


Organizer:
Anastasia Gorodzeisky, Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University

Presenters:
Moshe Semyonov, Professor Emeritus, Tel Aviv University
Peter Schmidt, Professor Emeritus, University of Giessen
Alice Ramos, Research Fellow, University of Lisbon
Andrea Bohman, Researcher, Umea University
Andrew Richards, Senior Researcher, Carlos III-Juan March Institute of Social Sciences
Anastasia Gorodzeisky, Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University

Workshop 5.3

How Inclusive is My City of Migration?


Become an agent of inclusion in your city. How can we explore the complex and interconnected factors that contribute to open, inclusive cities in an era of global migration? In this workshop, stakeholders will learn about the new My City of Migration Diagnostic, is new modular web app that helps users assess the quality of inclusion in their daily lives: at work, at school, on election day, in health and as a new arrival. International experts will provide insight and analysis on building inclusive cities, what works, what doesn’t, and include examples of good practice, and policy recommendations across dimensions of inclusion. By investigating the 'inclusion factors' across the urban landscape, workshop participants will gain understanding of the complex and interconnected conditions that can enhance, or inhibit, immigrant success.
Workshop participants are highly encouraged to take the My City of Migration Diagnostic online before they participate in this workshop.


Organizer:
Kim Turner, Program Manager, Cities of Migration Global Diversity Exchange, Ryerson University

Presenters:
Daniel Di Torres, Anti-Rumours Global Project (Barcelona, Spain)
Raheel Mohammed, Executive Director, The Maslaha Project
Christina Pope, Regional Manager,Welcoming Economies Global Network (Atlanta, USA), Welcoming America

Workshop 5.4

Research innovations and their policy implications

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1 (workshop 5.4) and 2 (workshop 6.4)


In multicultural Canada, citizenship and consumption ideas have intersected and interweaved to such a degree that it has been hard to make them distinguishable after all. As the focus of a doctoral project successfully defended in the University of Toronto in 2016, this idea summarizes the conceptual framework used for the analysis of the social practices of immigrants who were taking part in mentoring/volunteer programs in Toronto. Discursively presented and then executed as inclusive endeavors, these initiatives basically involved the interactions of groups of Canadian born or immigrant mentors with newcomer mentees. During the fieldwork, these working groups were getting ready to, and then were effectively volunteering in recreational activities in 2013. The studied participants had instrumental and/or community-based needs that they were hoping to meet through their involvement in these programs. Through observations of their interactions and interviews with the participants, the outcomes from this study revealed situations that are not necessarily constructive or inclusive from a critical standpoint. Evidences have pointed at an objectification of immigrants through supposedly creative citizenship acts developed under the Canadian multicultural brand. In fact, the findings seem to reflect a society that has mainly concentrated on economic matters. In this context, the participants performed a
hybrid type of consumption-citizenship that cannot be fully understood or explained through conventional citizenship theories. Clearly at odds with more basic citizenship issues faced by immigrants in many other countries nowadays, a close look at the portrayal painted here tends to be disconcerting because Canadian multiculturalism is still widely considered to be ‘the way to go’, or even ‘the best of all evils’ in terms of immigrant integration.
Presenter: Hewton Tavares, Alumnus, University of Toronto


New Zealand’s Migrant Settlement and Integration Strategy focuses on effectively settling and integrating migrants so that they "make New Zealand their home, participate fully and contribute to all aspects of New Zealand life."
The availability of good information for newcomers underpins the effectiveness of all settlement interventions. In 2014 Immigration New Zealand’s Settlement Unit at the Ministry of Business, Innovation & Employment implemented a new approach to providing information, assistance and referral services to help new migrants settle and work in New Zealand.
A nationwide not-for-profit organisation provides a free walk-in service through its offices to help members of the community to access information and understand their rights and obligations. The Settlement Unit has contracted the organisation to support migrants, recognising that some newcomers may prefer to talk to someone face to face, rather than access telephone, email or internet services.
Traditional customer feedback surveys cannot effectively assess the performance of an information service, because newcomers ‘do not know what they do not know’. An innovative approach was required to evaluate the effectiveness of the information support service, beyond customer experience. Mystery shopping, a methodology widely used in the retail environment to assess how staff respond to customers, was adapted to provide an annual assessment of service performance.
This paper will discuss how the ‘mystery shopping’ evaluation was conducted, including developing information-seeking scenarios that were tested by ‘shoppers’ posing as new migrants, the reporting format, and how the findings have been utilised by the management to provide targeted training to the volunteers who staff their offices and support new migrants.
Presenter: Geeta Das, Senior Research Analyst, Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand Government


Despite the continuing demand for data on immigrants and ethnic minorities and an increasing availability of socio-economic migration statistics, a considerable lack of comparable data across the EU on fundamental rights issues concerning immigrants and ethnic minorities persists. The reasons are manifold such as diverging definitions of target Groups to be surveyed and difficulties to properly cover the target populations with traditional data collection methods. One of the main challenges faced when surveying hard-to-reach groups is the lack of sampling frames or their incompleteness. A cross-country and/or cross-cultural survey design introduces additional complexity in surveying immigrants and ethnic minorities. The paper discusses these challenges by outlining the approach of the Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II), which the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) conducted in 2015-2016 to assess progress over the past seven years since the first EU-MIDIS survey carried out in 2008.
This EU-MIDIS II survey gathered comparable data in all 28 EU Member States to assist EU institutions in developing evidence-based legal and policy responses to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of persons with immigrant or ethnic minority background, including Roma. It covers topics such as experiences of discrimination in different areas of life, criminal victimisation (including hate crime), and many aspects of social inclusion and societal participation.
Presenter: Rossalina LATCHEVA, Senior Programme Manager - Statistics and Surveys, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Vienna


Ireland transformed from a country of net emigration to net immigration in a relatively short period. The integration of new migrants is a pressing challenge for the Irish government with a range of reports showing that this challenge has intensified since the start of the recession in Ireland, particularly in relation to immigrant employment, poverty, housing, education and health (MIPEX 2015a; OECD/EU 2015). While comparative macro-level indicators of integration at EU level show a number of areas where there are difficulties with the process of integration in Ireland, little is known about the specific ways in which integration may be understood and experienced in national contexts, by specific groups or in specific regions. We show how mapping integration at the sub-national social and spatial scale reveals a disparity in the level of successful integration between different migrant groups in Ireland. We indicate how collaboration with community organisations identifies and constructs additional indicators of integration that express the obstacles and successes of integration in Ireland. Our research raises questions about the extent to which evidence-based policy on integration is necessary in order to remove obstacles experienced by specific groups in different regions of Ireland.
Presenter: Jennifer Dagg, postdoctoral research, Maynooth University, Ireland


The word 'diversity' pops up continually in public and social debates when issues such as immigration and immigrants are discussed. Based on the interest that society shows in immigrants and integration, it seems that issues related to diversity have become everyday topics of conversation in Norway.
The ethnic and cultural diversity in Norway is greater now than ever before. Norway is a small country on a global scale, but we have one of the fastest growing populations in Europe.
How does diversity manifest itself in the population statistics? Is it possible to measure it in any way? Statistics Norway publishes annual statistics on immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents. There is a great demand for these statistics. Immigration policy is a key area of the political parties' policies, as well as State governance and public debate in general. The statistics on immigrants are also of great importance in research, particularly within demographics and other social sciences.
How do we categorise?
The presentation will show a statistical method that is used to group the entire Norwegian population according to their own, their parents and their grandparents' country of birth. We will show how the Norwegian population looks based on information on country of birth for three generations. Who are the immigrants in our statistics? We have selected four groups to further presentation because they have some special features we want to describe: the population without immigrant background, Immigrants, Norwegian-born children of immigrants, half-Norwegian and born in Norway and third generation.
Presenters:
Minja Tea Dzamarija, Senior Adviser/Team Leader, Statistics Norway

Researchers:
Lucas Miranda, Migration Institute of Finland
Yousif Haddad, Migration Institute of Finland
Marko Juntunen, Migration Institute of Finland / University of Helsinki
Tuomas Martikainen, Migration Institute of Finland


The number of asylum seeker grew rapidly in Finland in 2015. Asylum seekers were settled in reception centers run by different organizations under the auspices of Migri, but also other housing solutions exists. However, most of the asylum seekers live in reception centers as they wait for a decision to their asylum application. Once they get a positive reply they need seek housing outside of the center. Many receive assistance from reception center to find a new location to settle, but several use other, private means to find housing. We are currently amidst the times, when asylum seekers of 2015 are receiving positive or negative decisions for their applications. As the numbers are large, there remains much uncertainty where the individuals end up after the decision.
The presentation is part of the activities of the URMI project - Urbanisation, Mobilities and Immigration research consortium funded by the Strategic Research Council / Academy of Finland. The subproject looks at how those recently arrived asylum seekers that have received a residence permit find their way into Finnish municipalities. The paper will discuss methodological challenges in studying recently arrived asylum seekers in Finland. Particular attention will be directed at how contact is established and about the process of gaining trust between the researcher and the recent asylum seeker.
37 interviews have been done until this stage (4.2.2017) and analyzing the entire research materials will be completed by the end of April, 2017.
Presenter: Miranda Lucas, Researcher, Institute of Migration - Finland

 

Workshop 5.5

Migration and Health


Workshop given on Thursday – round 1(workshop 5.5) and 2 (workshop 6.5)

There is an ongoing need to prepare future health care providers and others to serve the needs of refugees now and in the future. This presentation will include a summary of experiences with graduate and undergraduate students from different disciplines all interested in learning about the inter-sectoral and community responses and roles to support refugee resettlement. This work is ongoing and the information presented is focused on a large city which is one of eight reception centers for refugees arriving to Ontario, Canada.
The paper will highlight the array of student backgrounds and interests, the match of student interests with opportunities that community agencies and NGOs were and are able to support while meeting their needs. A sample of projects will highlight some of the challenges and benefits of these partnerships. Project include an evaluation of a model of care provision, a pilot study of workplace integration and developing education programming for staff at an NGO. Ethical concerns, managing expectations and ensuring that agency staff and clients were respected and protected from additional burdens will be discussed. The presentation will also include an overview of learning materials developed from these experiences including a case scenario for health professional students and a graduate level course on Refugee Health Policies and Practices. Feedback from agency staff, clients and participating students will be included.
Presenter: Olive Wahoush, Associate Professor & Associate Director Newcomer Health, Community and International Outreach, McMaster University, McMaster University


In many areas of the world there is a demand for provision of care that is culturally, linguistically and professionally diverse. However, service delivery in the healthcare sector is heavily regulated with many preconditions for employment. This can make timely and efficient workforce integration a significant challenge. In Canada, 21% of the total population is foreign-born and this number is expected to grow over the next 10 years. Immigrants who are internationally educated nurses (IENs) are a valuable resource to meet the needs of the changing demographic however they face challenges in finding employment that matches their qualifications and skills. According to the Fairness Commissioner of Ontario, 17.5% of IENs are employed at or above their skill level compared to 64.5% of domestically educated nurses. Underemployment of nurses in Canada was addressed by cross-ministerial, multi-sectoral interventions aimed at reducing barriers to fair and equitable employment. This presentation will examine barriers to employment through a social justice and equity lens. It will identify government and regulatory approaches that resulted in employment best practices in the health sector which led to more fair and equitable opportunities for immigrant nurses to integrate into the healthcare workforce.
A mixed method design was used including a literature review, interviews with cross-ministerial policy-makers and a survey of healthcare employers. Results showed that employers identified both political and structural barriers to IEN employment including a lack of Canadian experience and communication/language barriers. Best practices that emerged included an organizational vision that incorporates care of diverse patient populations, the use of innovative approaches to build and diversify the nursing workforce and cultural awareness training for managers and staff. It is critical that decision-makers develop policies to support the effective integration of nurses into the Canadian health system.
Presenter: Andrea Baumann, Associate Vice-President, Global Health, McMaster University


Human mobility increase rapidly, internal and international migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers, international students, business travelers and tourists all around the world. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees constitute a significant and growing proportion of the general population of countries in Europe. They have limited access to social and integration information, lacking the language of the country in which they are displaced; they may be unaware of local cultural communication. Among them most vulnerable group migrants with disabilities need special protection of their rights taking into account their physical and psychological specificities in order to help them better integration in new host countries.
This paper will focus on my practical experiences as migrants with disabilities and working for Disabled Peoples’ Organization(DPOs) ; My presentation will explain how I was removing all kinds of barriers (cultural, social, economic, procedural, physical, communication and attitudinal) and well integrated in host country through develop network of DPOs, migrants group, participate in study on migrants, shares my experiences, encourage stakeholders and peer supports.
Having these experiences, issue is frontline that most of migrants are resourceful in many way with a unique set of skills and capacities. Migrants are not just beneficiaries, but also participants with skills and capacities, contributing to the host society. And it allowed me to invite multi stakeholders to contribute to more ‘inclusive societies’ and “no one left behind” practices. Migrants, themselves could value their important expertise with their living experiences for a more inclusive approach to ensure human rights of Migrants with slogan ‘Migrants for All’.
Presenter: Hannan Mohamed, Coordinator(coordination & developement), Disabled Peoples International -Europe.


The successful settlement of immigrants and refugees is inextricably linked to a focus on health and well-being. This presentation will demonstrate and share health focused education and interventions that positively influence immigrant and refugee settlement outcomes.
S.U.C.C.E.S.S. is one of Canada’s largest settlement agencies and has delivered integrated settlement and health services to immigrants and refugees for over 44 years. Located in Vancouver, British Columbia, S.U.C.C.E.S.S. serves over 50 thousand newcomers to Canada’s western regions per year. S.U.C.C.E.S.S. offers innovative settlement, employment and language training services and has a strong focus on housing and supports for seniors.
This presentation highlights the crucial role community services play in supporting immigrant and refugee well-being throughout the settlement process. Five best practices are showcased: 1) integrating health education within traditional 'settlement' services; 2) supporting settlement needs as they relate to life stage; 3) focusing on interrelated dimensions of mental health; 4) ensuring family health is actively supported through specialized programming and 5) providing facilitated opportunities for local community integration. These five factors are not only significant supports in themselves but when integrated together and within settlement and orientation services for immigrants and refugees, they form a very strong foundational basis from which synergies of strength, inclusion and settlement success emerge.
A holistic focus on these five best practices support the faster integration of newcomers, and can proactively address issues of pre-existing trauma and the negative impacts of migration stress. This presentation highlights the need for health related policy and service responses during critical moments within the settlement and integration continuum and identifies further research areas.
Presenter: Queenie Choo, Chief Executive Officer, S.U.C.C.E.S.S.


Refugee settlement is a challenging and complex experience for many new arrivals. The complexities are compounded for individuals and families impacted by disability. In the past five years, there have been increasing numbers of refugees resettled in Australia with varying disabilities, including both intellectual and physical disability. This trend can be attributed to changes migration policy in July 2012, whereby a streamlined health waiver was implemented to render no costs for health or community care services being considered undue for humanitarian entrants (Australian Government, 2012). This change in policy has been has been widely supported by many organisations however has had significant impact on direct service delivery with refugees. Resettlement of humanitarian entrants with a disability in Australia has also emerged in the context of a current roll out of Australia’s National Disability Insurance Scheme, presenting an overhaul of its current disability support system.
Drawing from practitioner’s experience and the perspectives of refugees with disabilities and their cares, we will unpack the varied challenges that people with a disability face when resettling in a new country. Our presentation will also highlight how on the frontline under a national government funded case management program, the Complex Case Support Programme, the Liverpool Migrant Resource Centre has worked to address these challenges with Syrian and Iraqi refugees settling into South Western Sydney, currently one of the largest refugee settlement regions in Australia. In conclusion, we explore transferable best practice principles for working with a refugee with a disability in their resettlement process, to support both social inclusion and integration into a new country.
Presenter: Kamalle Dabboussy, CEO, Liverpool Migrant Resource Centre


Traditional measures of economic integration such as demographic characteristics, immigration history and social capital have provided partial explanations for difficulties experienced by immigrants. Previous research has shown that it is a complex mix of both individual attributes and contextual factors that shapes the ability of the immigrant to achieve economic integration. Despite research into the various types of indicators that lead to labour market economic integration, the current literature does not fully explain the ongoing economic integration challenges experienced by certain groups of skilled immigrant in Canada over the past decade. We argue that the relationship between ethnicity, immigration history and economic integration is more complex than has previously recognized. This research explores additional factors influencing economic integration documented in the ethnicity literature, that is, ethnic identities and attitudes. A specific professional group in Canada within regulated professions, internationally educated nurses (IENs), was selected as a case study. These immigrants have been documented to experience greater difficulties in entering the labour market, resulting in unemployment or underemployment. The assumption that professional immigrants from certain countries or those who possess advanced education are more successful than others might be misleading if other non-ethnic units of analysis or observation are not considered. A new economic integration model which includes demographic, ethnic and contextual indicators is proposed. The results of this quantitative study raise awareness about the need to adopt a more multidimensional approach to understanding the factors that influence successful economic integration of one group of skilled immigrants in Canada. Implications for policy changes in current credentialing processes of skilled immigrants in regulated professions are discussed.
Presenter: Lillie Lum, Associate Professor York University

 

Workshop 5.6

Syrian-Conflict Refugees: comparative insights into policy initiatives and settlement outcomes

Workshop given on Thursday – round 1(workshop 5.6) and 2 (workshop 6.6)


The Syrian conflict has generated an unprecedented flow of refugees across Europe and other countries, including Canada, Australia and New Zealand who have admitted a cohort of Syrian conflict refugees in addition to their annual humanitarian intakes. These countries face new challenges in providing successful settlement outcomes for the refugees as well as challenging anti-immigrant/anti-refugee political discourses that these new intakes have generated. Comparative insights into the different policy responses and national, provincial and local initiatives in the area of employment, education, housing and language training to Syrian conflict refugees in a wide range of countries holds the promise of new insights and perspectives into the challenges of resettlement and into innovative practices that could be replicated in other countries. This workshop presents insights from academics, government officials and NGO representatives from Germany, Sweden, Finland, Canada, New Zealand and Australia and is part of a continuing comparative research network on Syrian conflict refugees that was first convened at the International Metropolis Conference Nagoya in 2017 and will be reconvened at the International Metropolis Conference Sydney in 2018

Organizer:
Jock Collins, Professor, UTS Business School/ University of Technology Sydney

Presenters:
Jock Collins, Professor, UTS Business School/ University of Technology Sydney
Pieter Bevelander, Director, Director, Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare, Malmo University, Sweden
Paul Spoonley, Pro Vice Chancelor, Massey University, New Zealand
Gail Ker, CEO, Access Group International, Logan, Queensland
Shad Wari, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity
Umit Kiziltan, Director General and Head of Evaluation / Research and Evaluation
Mr Jon Simmons, Head of Unit Migration and Border Analysis, Home Office Analysis and Insight
Tuomas Martikainen, Professor, Director Migration Institute of Finland

Workshop 5.7

Labour market integration of refugees in Dutch municipalities. Successes and opportunities


The labour market participation of refugees in The Netherlands is low: only 46% of refugees (for a longer period) have a paid job. Refugees who do work, often have temporary, small jobs (source: Dutch Council for Refugees). This unfavourable position in the labour market has negative consequences for the integration, participation and health of refugees and society as a whole.
In the Netherlands, municipalities are responsible for the labour market integration of refugees, via the Participation Act. Since the influx of refugees in the country in 2015, Dutch municipalities have started to develop policy measures to include refugees in the labour market. Knowledge Platform Integration & Society (KIS) has carried out research, mapping these policies of municipalities, both in 2016 (https://www.kis.nl/sites/default/files/bestanden/Publicaties/vluchtelingen-aan-het-werk.pdf) and in 2017 (report will published July 2017). The research provides a representative picture of the state of the art, successes and struggles of Dutch municipalities regarding labour market participation programmes for refugees. Furthermore, KIS also researched which interventions for labour market participation are successful, and why.
In this interactive workshop, KIS, The Dutch Council for Refugees and Divosa (organisation of municipal social policy managers) work together. The Dutch Council for Refugees support refugees (during their first arrival) in The Netherlands, and developed interventions to improve labour market integration of refugees. Divosa represents all municipalities and developed policy measures to stimulate the process of labour market integration within municipalities.
The organisations will provide an insight into the key elements of successful labour market participation programmes for refugees, both from the perspective of refugees and municipalities. The workshop also offers the opportunity for exchange of good practices and discussion.


Organizer:
Marjan de Gruijter, senior researcher / program manager KIS, Verwey-Jonker Institute

Presenters:
Marjan de Gruijter, senior researcher / program manager KIS, Verwey-Jonker Institute
Kim Kruisdijk, Proces manager, Divosa
Roswitha Weiler, Senior policy maker, VluchtelingenWerk Nederland

Workshop 5.8

Urban Integration Agenda in a time of Rising Nationalism


Cities have long been the laboratory of innovation compared with federal governments in the arena of immigrant integration. With local focus on diversity, inclusion, civic participation and public safety, both political and community based responses have demonstrated effective engagement strategies with significant achievements that differentiate the urban climate from less densely settled regions. The workshop will explore promising practices and research that are proving effective for newcomers and native born populations and reducing inclusion tensions across communities. With a goal of fostering economic integration, the broad framework is the wellbeing of the entire city by creating supportive multicultural environments.
Three leaders with varied perspectives will highlight emerging practices in American and Belgian cities that appear robust despite rising nationalism. Using research findings, benchmarks of integration and field studies of impactful policy and practice, the presenters will highlight data, models and policy solutions that are identified as transferable concepts and they will facilitate group interaction to invite emerging programs and discuss challenges in implementing these ideas.


Organizer:
Westy Egmont, Professor and Director of the Immigrant Integration Lab, Boston College
Presenters:
Eva Millona, Executive Director, MIRA Coalition
Ann Trappers, Coordinator, Foyer vzw Brussels

 

Workshop 5.9

Response to Refugees Settlement & Integration: Successes and Challenges


The world is facing a major refugee crisis today despite the fact that since the end of Second World War, the international community came together to undertake preventative measures and address refugee assistance.  Unfortunately despite all efforts, the number of refugees has consistently increased over the last 30 years, and we have seen the number of refugees and displaced persons increase from 12 Million to 65 Million. The initiative of President Obama in 2016 to organize a world refugee summit, in conjunction with the UN General Assembly Meeting, created hope that a solution to the current international refugee crisis would be formulated.  The three current remedies that the UNHCR is implementing to address the refugee crisis seem inadequate, and there is a dire need to formulate new approaches leveraging recent experiences.  Although the UNHCR and a number of other countries facilitate the repatriation process and create conditions for local integration or resettlement in third countries, it is obvious that we need to review the methodologies in order to curtail this current growth of refugee populations.  Currently 3 streams of refugees are arriving in Europe and North America: 1) State Sponsored Refugees 2) Asylum Seekers 3) Community Sponsored Refugees.  A number of countries are impacted by at least one of these 3 streams, and there are well established processes in place to manage the influx of refugees through a process of acceptance, settlement and integration.  In this workshop we will have the opportunity to look at ways that current State Sponsored Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Community Sponsored Refugees settle and integrate. We will discuss and examine the similarities, differences, successes, and challenges of these 3 streams. As the organizers, we hope to share our best practices in all 3 streams and to create a network of interested trans-continental organizations to continue to share ideas and promising practices.


Presenter:
Fariborz Birjandian, Practitioner (NGO), Calgary Catholic Immigration Society

 

Workshop 5.10

Making Citizens


What is the legal and practical relevance of Mobility Partnerships for the development of migration policies in third countries? The paper combines a comparative legal analysis of the development of the legal frameworks in Morocco and Cape Verde with an empirical study of the implementation of Mobility Partnerships’ projects in relation to national migration strategies. The aim of this paper is to discuss whether the negotiation power and the administrative capacity of a third country condition the relevance that Mobility Partnerships may have for the development of the legal framework in that third country. It argues that Mobility Partnerships, despite their non-binding character, have legal and policy relevance for third countries with regard to the regulation of migration, asylum, human trafficking and even labour law. The analysis suggests that Mobility Partnerships indeed do have relevance in the development of legal frameworks in third countries, but that their relevance is conditioned by national administrative capacity in the field of migration policy and by the negotiation power derived from its geopolitical position vis-à-vis the EU. Whereas larger countries of strategic relevance, such as Morocco, succeed in instrumentalising Mobility Partnerships for domestic political purposes, smaller and peripheral countries such as Cape Verde are strongly influenced by the EU in their legal and policy developments.
Presenter: Fanny Tittel-Mosser, Researcher, University of Minho.


This paper investigates how six Canadian municipalities have responded to immigration and cultural diversity in the social services policy domain.  This domain encompasses income and employment supports, housing, neighbourhood, children's, youth and seniors services.  The analysis is situated within the context of debates in the urban planning field about recognition, redistribution and encounter.  It draws on documentary and interview evidence to build a multi-indicator inventory of initiatives, inspired by the EuroCities Integration benchmarks.  The data are then used to develop a typology of the normative premises about how public institutions should adapt to immigration and diversity, and the empirical breadth of responses in the analytical areas of general governance, migrant empowerment and civil society partnerships.   The paper proposes a theory of the most significant endogenous and exogenous factors that shape municipal approaches.  Endogenous factors are integral to the personnel, structure and resources of the municipal government.  The idea of exogenous factors is similar to the notion of 'nested' general and intermediate factors identified in the public policy literature.  Examples include the provincial context, population diversity, group conflict, and the organization and demands of civil society.
Presenter: Livianna Tossutti, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Brock University.


In the past two years, the Netherlands has received high numbers of asylum requests. For those that acquire temporary residency permits, accessing accommodation is the next step towards establishing a life in the Netherlands. Financial and socio-cultural stigmatization make initial access to the housing market difficult, and an emergence of purpose-built temporary housing has appeared to meet the demand of the new arrivals. The urban planning field recognizes the importance of collaborative and community involvement in facilitating both development of new housing and the integration of migrants. However, initial research into the delivery of temporary housing for refugees, returned little on the involvement of communities or locally-rooted organization in the development of housing. This is an exploratory research into one temporary housing experiment in the Netherlands; Startblok Riekerhaven. The research identifies the ways in which the receiving communities surrounding temporary developments can be included in the process in order to facilitate integration and reduce tensions between newcomers and local inhabitants.
Presenter: Nathalie Gardner, Researcher, University of Amsterdam

 

Workshop 5.11

Challenges and solutions in integrating refugees


With the current immigration of refugees, Europa is facing major challenges. The influx has been larger than Europe has experiences in many decades and includes challenges on a wide range of areas. In this workshop we are focusing on integration of refugees – integration into the labour market and integration into the civil society. Successful integration requires considering not only measures to support labour market inclusion, but also other additional measures and services such family reunifications, access to healthcare, psycho-social support and rehabilitation, legal counsel, as well as language training. The workshop invites papers that may contribute to highlight the variety of forms of integration processes – with focus on both challenges and solutions. Also papers that highlight different forms of combating discrimination and improving of position for these groups will be appreciated. We are interested in experiences, challenges and dilemmas that are embedded in these initiatives. The workshop invites papers from social scientists as well as NGOs and practitioners.


Presenter:
Berit Berg, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

 

Workshop 5.12

Refugee settlement


The integration of refugees is a great challenge for municipalities. How is it possible to bring refugees into employment and into apprenticeship as soon as possible? Many institutions are concerned and the question is, how the cooperation between different actors can be coordinated in the sense of a good working process chain. Networking of various actors on local level is the key. To integrate refugees successfully into the labour market all relevant actors have to be on board: Employment Services, Chambers, Migrant-Organisations, Language course providers, Councelling Services etc. With the focus on the “individual” not on “responsible institutions”. The philosophy has to be a holistic approach. We will give examples of two municipalities in Germany: The City of Freiburg and the region “Oberallgäu”. They are partner in the pilot project done by the Bertelsmann Foundation and the Network Integration through Qualification, Germany. The focus of the pilot project is the development of a process orientated coaching for municipalities in regards of labour market integration. The result will be a so called “Modulkoffer” - as a metaphor, which can be used by other municipalities.
Presenter: Jasmin Ateia, City of Freiburg and Miriam Duran, Region of Oberallgäu, Germany
Presenter: Anna-Maria Güller-Frey, Transnational Coordinator, Network IQ MigraNet


This paper provides an overview and analysis of the resettlement and integration of Syrian refugees in Canada between 2015 and 2017. More specifically, it examines the means by which Canada was able to resettle a substantial number of Syrian refugees and to facilitate their economic and social integration in a relatively short period of time.
This paper has two central interrelated themes. The first theme is that Canada’s ability to resettle and integrate those refugees was facilitated by the relatively high degree of networking, deepening and thickening of the multilevel governance system within the refugee settlement sector that has occurred incrementally within the state and societal sectors during the past five decades in response to successive waves of refugees destined to Canada. The second theme is that the efforts to resettle the substantial number of Syrian refugees during the past two years has contributed to further networking, deepening and thickening of the multilevel governance system.
The increased networking, deepening and thickening of the multilevel governance system has included at least three interrelated trends: first, an increase in the number of state and societal actors involved in the settlement sector; second an increase in the networking of the multiplicity of state and societal actors; third an increase in the number of policies, programs and projects designed to facilitate the resettlement and integration of refugees.
The paper will also consider the extent to which the increased networking, deepening and thickening of the multi-level governance system in the settlement of Syrian refugees in Canada is but one case of a phenomenon that has become increasingly evident in other countries faced with the influx of Syrian refugees, as well as other groups of refugees, over time.
Presenter: JosephGarcea, Professor, Department of Political Studies, University of Saskatchewan


Of the resettled refugees welcomed to Canada since the beginning of 2015, almost half are females. Applying a gender lens to refugee settlement is essential to understanding the unique experiences, challenges, and needs of refugee women, many who are highly vulnerable. Refugee women face unique challenges and barriers that, in combination with complex family and trauma pressures, further increase their vulnerability during the settlement process. The challenges and barriers experienced by refugee women include large families with many children to care for, isolation, family conflicts, domestic violence, economic vulnerability, parenting challenges, physical and mental health challenges, and trauma, all of which are further exacerbated by language and cultural barriers.

The presentation will apply a gender lens to understanding the settlement and integration of vulnerable refugee women in Canada. In particular, it will provide an overview of the complex settlement challenges and needs of refugee women, key drivers to successful settlement and integration, as well as innovative approaches and best practices that effectively support this population group. The presentation will also highlight positive outcomes that have been achieved in Canada. As a result of the presentation, attendees will better understand Canada’s approaches that support the settlement and integration of vulnerable refugee women.
Presenter: Queenie Choo, Chief Executive Officer, S.U.C.C.E.S.S.

 

Workshop 5.13

Symposium: Business as Usual? Labor Market Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Workshop given on Tuesday – round 1(workshop 1.13) and 2 (workshop 2.13) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.13) and 2 (workshop 4.13) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.13) and 2 (workshop 6.13)


A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and the Network “Integration through Qualification” (IQ) from Germany. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium2.php

 

Workshop 5.14

Symposium: Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration: Reappraising Traditional Discussions 

Workshop given on Tuesday – round 1(workshop 1.14) and 2 (workshop 2.14) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.14) and 2 (workshop 4.14) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.14) and 2 (workshop 6.14)

A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and MiReKoc at Koç University in Istanbul. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium.php

 

Workshop 5.15

The changing influx of asylum seekers: EU Member State responses


In the period between 2014 - 2016 many EU Member States have been challenged to cope with significant numbers of asylum seekers onto their territory, especially with large fluctuations in monthly arrivals. In order to cope with the fluctuations in monthly arrivals EU Member States have adopted different kind of policies and measures, for example to process asylum applications, facilitate accepted asylum seekers, and facilitate the return of rejected asylum seekers.
The aim of this workshop is to present and discuss the ways in which EU Member States have responded to the changing influx of asylum seekers. Which asylum policies and ad-hoc measures were introduced or changed by the Member States to manage the fluctuations in asylum application numbers between January 2014 and December 2016?
The workshop will discuss the EU context and the responses of three EU Member States: Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands. The selection of these three EU Member States is based on two criteria, namely, first, that they have experienced first an increase and subsequently a decrease of the number of asylum seekers and, second, that that they are considered to have an established asylum system.

The workshop will draw on a comprehensive study undertaken by the European Migration Network (EMN) in 2017. The speakers will discuss the situation in the EU in the period of the changing influx and present case studies of three EU Member States (Germany, Sweden and The Netherlands).


Organizer:
Michiel Besters, Research Associate, Immigration and Naturalisation Service / EMN, The Netherlands

Presenters:
Bernd Parusel, Expert Swedish Migration Agency / EMN, Sweden
Henrika Wörmann, Research Associate, Immigration and Naturalisation Service / EMN, The Netherlands
Janne Grote, Research associate, Federal Office for Migration and Refugees / EMN, Germany

Workshop 5.16

Security and Crime


Many European countries (including The Netherlands) recently witnessed an influx of asylum applicants as a direct result of the Syrian civil war, while other asylum seekers continued to arrive. The Dutch government had to find housing for the applicants. Local residents across the country, however, protested against the placement of asylum centers. These protesters (sometimes violently) claimed that the arrival of asylum migrants would turn their neighbourhoods into a hotspot of crime.
Academic literature investigating the immigration and crime nexus in Europe and the Netherlands is sparse and has rarely focused on the neighbourhood level. Instead they investigate asylum migrants' propensity to offend compared to people with other migration backgrounds and natives. They find that asylum applicants and people with a migration background are overrepresented in crime statistics, but once controlling for socio-demographic characteristics this difference disappears (except for shoplifting and other minor property offenses). Thus we do not know what happens at the local level.
This study departs from the widely accepted conclusion in criminology that young men are more susceptible to offend. Therefore, the concentration of asylum applicants may have a negative influence on crime levels in neighbourhoods. However, since individual level results cannot be generalized to the macro level, neighbourhood effects may be absent. This study investigates the link between crime and the placement of asylum centres with dynamic models using longitudinal data (2010-2015) from the Dutch population registers (Statistics Netherlands). Our analysis takes into account the non-random placement of asylum centres across the country and controls for differences in prior crime rates. Results, although ready, cannot yet be reported as they are under embargo till July 31st by the Ministry of Security and Justice, which has commissioned this study. After this date we are allowed to publish since this is an independent academic project.
Presenter: Wahideh Achbari,Research Fellow, Research and Documentation Centre, Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice


Human trafficking has been one of the major policy agendas for Southeast Asia for the last few decades. Undocumented cross-border migration in the Greater Mekong Subregion, the Rohingya crisis, and massive flows of migrant workers throughout the region all made Southeast Asia susceptible to the problem of human trafficking. In 2015, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) developed a legally binding convention on trafficking in persons, which took effect in March 2017 after being ratified by 6 ASEAN member states. This was a tremendous milestone in the promotion of global justice and human rights based approaches to protecting migrants. For a region cautiously avoiding any legally binding instruments for fear of foreign intervention in domestic affairs, it remains puzzling as to why ASEAN was able to develop a legal instrument highly consistent with the UN Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime. This research intends to explain how the UN principles and best practices were incorporated into regional policymaking on human trafficking at ASEAN. It examines the evolvement of policy development at ASEAN from the late 1990s to 2016. Based on interviews with practitioners in the UN specialised agencies, ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN member states and other stakeholders, this research will analyse the interactions among different groups of actors which led to the policy transfer from the UN to ASEAN. Through process tracing and in-case comparison, this research will advance our knowledge on approaches to coordinate global and regional level governance on irregular migration.
Presenter: Guangyu Qiao, PhD Student, The University of Melbourne


The refugee crisis in Europe principally resulting from the Arab Spring and the current Syrian conflict triggered the largest migratory crisis since World War II. This crisis has incited waves of forced migrants which have been perceived by governments as a threat to the internal security and stability. Within this framework, this paper seeks to answer the following question: Has the 2015/2016 ‘European refugee crisis’ been framed by the French and Turkish governments as a security issue, and if so, in what ways? Therefore, the main purpose of this article is to investigate if and how migration is linked to security and how this securitization process operates when a discourse of a 'refugee crisis' is being ascertained. The ‘securitization theory’ defined by the Copenhagen school of security studies is applied and tested; specifically the process of treating a political issue as a crucial threat to legitimize extraordinary measures. The two governments are compared through a discourse analysis according to a 'most similar design'.
From what precedes, our findings show that there has been a government discourse on the securitization of migration in France culminating with the fact that migration poses a threat towards the French society and sovereignty. However, in Turkey, such a securitization process is absent. Instead, the Turkish government expresses security concerns about national identity, ethnic privilege, xenophobia, and secure borders which are perceived as threats towards Turkey-EU cooperation and towards migrants. Security rhetoric can thus be used to justify a stricter migration policy, but also to legitimize extraordinary actions in favour of migrants and to protect the EU. These results show that a discursive approach to security is continually relevant to detect 'new' and untraditional security issues.
Presenter: Nkwah Akongnwi Ngwa, PhD Candidate/ Researcher, International Political Science Association/ Ankara Yildirim Beyazit Univeristy


Australia has a proud history of refugee settlement in the past 70 years, including the world’s highest per capita permanent intakes at select periods of time. Despite this, commencing in 2001 and intensifying from late 2013, successive governments have implemented harsh policies designed to deflect and halt maritime (but not air-flight) asylum seeker arrivals. These measures have attracted global criticism, to the extent that Australia in some quarters is regarded as a rogue state. This paper defines factors influencing the development of contemporary asylum seeker policy, including the deterrence measures adopted, their impacts, the evolution of bipartisan support, and the scale of domestic debate. This paper could suit a stand-alone presentation, or a debate format.
Presenter: Lesleyanne Hawthorne, Professor - International Workforce, University of Melbourne


Introduced by Switzerland in 1990, the safe country of origin (SCO) concept can be broadly attributed to the surge of refugees fleeing Eastern Europe after the collapse of communism. Currently, the SCO policy has been implemented by the European Union (EU) and Canada as a way of filtering what they consider to be bogus refugee claims. The concept is founded on the assumption that a democratic country with adequate human rights is safe because there is generally no risk of persecution. While sensible in theory, an in-depth analysis reveals that the practice is prejudicial, exclusionary and a dangerous development that could potentially deny asylum to those who are in genuine need of protection. My research confirms that when formulated into a list of safe countries, the legality of the concept becomes unfounded, inherently flawed and vulnerable to political pressures. Safe country policies test the minimum threshold of human rights protection required by the 1951 Refugee Convention. Notwithstanding, both the EU and Canada have an obligation to treat refugees with equality under the law, respect their human rights and offer protection in instances of persecution. However, both the EU and Canada have failed to uphold this obligation by setting up a hierarchy of deservingness, a practice which could be viewed as an attainment of restriction and securitization over protection.
Presenter: Jona Zyfi, PhD Student, University of Toronto

 

Workshop 5.17

Through a Pluralism Lens: Migration and Integration 


Every society is diverse in some way and global migration is making the world more so. The failure to respect diversity is an underlying factor in many intrastate conflicts, compelling more and more people from their homes to seek better economic and political futures. At the same time, in many immigrant- and migrant-receiving societies, anxieties about new forms of diversity create barriers for newcomers to participate and impede belonging. Exclusionary citizenship practices deepen the conditions of inequality on a group basis and contribute to a culture of mutual mistrust. These challenges are real but they are not inevitable; nor are they insurmountable. Changing established norms and practices takes time, but the moment to begin is now.

The Pluralism Lens developed by the Global Centre for Pluralism offers a new way of thinking about diversity. Seeing diversity as an asset with the potential to benefit all has significant policy consequences. Diversity is a social fact. By contrast, pluralism is a choice. Grounded in a three-year research project, the Centre’s Pluralism Lens offers a new approach to global diversity issues that is positive, holistic, contextual and comparative. In short, pluralism is comprised of various sites of decision across the social, economic and political domains. Within each domain, a series of choices and efforts are required related to both the hardware (institutions) and software (norms, attitudes, narratives) of pluralism. Choices and efforts by a range of actors, both individual and institutional, are needed. Through a pluralism lens, a new conversation about the value and benefits of living with diversity is possible.  The Pluralism lens offers policymakers and practitioners in government and in civil society a new framework to understand inclusion and exclusion in diverse societies, and identify ways to advance pluralism.


Presenters:
Dr. Beverly Boutilier will present the Centre's upcoming publication "Through a Pluralism Lens: Toward a New Global Response to Diversity"

Dr. Jane Jenson will map intersections between the Pluralism Lens and the social cohesion lens used by policy communities working in Europe and the Global South. One "social fact" that has achieved consensus for well over a century is that social cohesion and well-being are connected. But in contrast to the premise of the Pluralism Lens, diversity is treated as a threat, a sociological situation to be "managed." This presentation maps the similarities and differences between the two lenses, suggesting ways those who focus on social cohesion might derive further insights by considering a Pluralism Lens for valuing diversity.

Dr. Jan Dobbernack will present an analysis of the German case through a pluralism lens. Since reunification in 1990, Germany has faced numerous challenges related to diversity, and in particular, migrant and immigrant diversity. A reform of citizenship law in 2000 was a bold step forward, opening the door for immigrant families to acquire German citizenship. However, the process of integration has not been smooth, and opposition and resistance comes from both conservative and liberal perspectives. The influx of refugee claimants in 2015-16 has further fueled debates over German national identity. The German change case explores the catalysts for greater pluralism, as well as sources of resistance to integration of newcomers in Germany.