INTERNATIONAL METROPOLIS CONFERENCE 2017

18 SEPTEMBER - 22 SEPTEMBER 2017, WORLD FORUM, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS

Workshops


Wednesday, September 20, 2017
Round 1 - 14.00 - 15.30h


Below is the complete list of workshops given on this day and time.

Please note that some workshops are following up on each other and are given on multiple days / rounds. This is mentioned in the text.

When choosing your personal program you have to fill in for each round which workshop you would like to attend, also when workshops are following up on each other.

There will be two symposia ('Business as usual?' and 'Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration') organised, that covers each day round 1 and round 2.

One symposium (The Hague: Migration and Integration on Site) is organised outside the conference venue (on Tuesday and Wednesday). If you want to attend this symposium please select round 1 and round 2. Buses will be ready to bring you to this symposium venue.

 

Workshop 3.1

Social assistance

Workshop given on Wednesday - round 1 (Workshop 3.1 )and 2 (workshop 4.1)


In what ways might the operational practices and procedural rules of administering subsistence benefits at German local level jobcentres shape (in)equality of access among EU migrants, and compared to German-born nationals? For whom does the European Union's freedom of movement work in practice? This paper, being part of a larger PhD project on EU citizens' social rights in Germany, examines EU mobile citizens' access to Unemployment Benefit II, which is the German social assistance benefit for those able to work.
The research explores whether and how understandings of intersecting 'ethnic deservingness' or belonging are articulated and negotiated at the local street-level. It does so by delving into the justifications of eligibility mobilised by those administering benefit claims and by EU migrants themselves, and how these relate to (in)equality of take-up experienced by certain groups of claimants.
The novelty of the project particularly lies in its empirical contribution: it asks who remains at the margins of European citizenship by exploring the daily practice administering of social rights to subsistence benefits in German jobcentres. Little is known about these administrative influences on non-take-up, even though such potential inequalities in claimants' ability to realise their entitlements to subsistence benefits are not only a concern from a normative point of view, but also potentially affect the poverty incidence of an increasing part of Germany's resident population.
Presenters: Nora Ratzmann, PhD Fellow, LSE


Tel Aviv is home to the highest concentration of migrants and asylum seekers in Israel. With 5,000 children under the age of 6, who denied basic children's rights.
In order to support their families, parents with no legal status must work long and hard hours. With no social or familial support available, they have no alternative other than to place their children in what we call, 'children's warehouses.' These are filthy, dark, dank, unsanitary rooms, unfit for habitation, where babies and children spend most of their days in danger and neglecting. There are over 100 of these frameworks that we know of in Tel Aviv alone.
Unitaf developed a solution that provides a multi-disciplinary model of educators and social workers coming together with the aim of empowering the community. By establishing independent small business we provide employment and training to women from the community and quality day care solutions for the children. The caregivers and small business owners are women who fled war, famine, and authoritarian rule- seeking a better future.
Today we oversee 25 independent businesses that employ over 100 women, and provide services to 720 children and their families. On March 2015, after five reported deaths of children in pirate nurseries, the Israeli government chose Unitaf as a model for a solution that enable fulfillment of children's rights.
Social programs such as Unitaf, compensate for cultural gaps and a lack of community resources at the urban sphere, confronting us with questions about the role of the host society, and the part it plays in setting the agenda and development of displaced communities. As Israelis, who share history of asylum, it is incumbent upon us to provide the refugees in Israel basic global rights and services that every human being deserves.
Presenter: Ofira Ben Shlomo, General Director, Yehuda Tribitch memorial fund for social involvement


This article aims to produce an analysis of how EU-born migrants living Turkey perceive the need for transnational welfare arrangements. The literature shows that lifestyle migrants moving from a developed country into a less developed one would engage in transnational welfare practices different ways. There is evidence that older age retired migrants elsewhere as well as in Turkey enjoy pensions who are paid in a more valuable currency. They rely on affordable and good quality health care in their place of origin. The migration research in Turkey has widely focused immigrants and refugees from less developed countries, despite increasing number of EU-born migrants settling in Turkey since late 1990s for various business, family and lifestyle related reasons. This study looks at the case of 'privileged' migrants from UK and Poland living in Turkey and question when the need for transnational welfare practices arise for this rather advantaged group. We distinguish these groups of migrants and call them 'privileged' rather than lifestyle migrants and analyze their perceptions of welfare and the level of engagement in transnational practices from a life course perspective. The analysis will reveal their welfare arrangements, perceptions on the quality of life in different countries they lived, the level of engagement transnational welfare practices over their life course. Additionally, due to the political context of Turkey, welfare perceptions will involve the context of security and its impact over these perceptions. The analysis is based on the empirical evidence derived from 27 semi-structured interviews that had been done in Turkey with Polish and British migrants, non-migrants, returnees, and non-EU migrants. While taking EU-born migrants as the privileged migrants, findings of interviews with other groups will be used as a control group.
Presenter: Aysen Ustubici, Assistant Professor Koç University


Active Engagement and Integration Project (AEIP) is a pre-arrival program offered by S.U.C.C.E.S.S., a multi-level social service agency based out of Vancouver, Canada. With the increasing number of immigrants moving to Canada, focus has shifted to pre-arrival services as a way to provide settlement and employment support to individuals moving to Canada.
Funded by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), AEIP is one of the first pre-arrival initiatives in Canada. Since 2008, AEIP has been providing pre-arrival services to individuals moving to Canada in service centres located in South Korea, Taiwan and China. The objective of pre-arrival services is to provide a smooth transition for individuals moving to Canada by connecting them to local Canadian organizations and resources. Providing settlement and employment assistance to individuals prior to their move to Canada has proved to be beneficial for their successful adaptation and integration to life in Canada. Individuals who received pre-arrival support are more likely to be better prepared for their move to Canada compared to those who only received post-arrival support.
This presentation will discuss pre-arrival services and the experience AEIP has had in providing both in-person and online services in an international setting. Working with a diverse group of clients from different countries has enabled AEIP to adapt to different marketing strategies and service delivery approaches suitable to each groups' needs in a culturally-sensitive manner. AEIP's partnership model involving various stakeholders such as immigrant-serving organizations, regulatory bodies and multi-level governments will also be covered in order to illustrate how these partnerships enhance the services provided to clients before and after their move to Canada. The presentation will end with a group discussion on pre-arrival services in Canada, potential initiatives that can be accomplished and sharing of best practices when working with immigrants.
Presenter: Johnny Cheng, Director of Active Engagement and Integration Project (AEIP), S.U.C.C.E.S.S.


Discourse developed around migration and welfare has tended to present a negative sentiment, either that migrants are attracted by more generous welfare systems or that they engage in excessive benefit take-up upon settlement. Our analysis draws upon recent scholarship on transnational social protection, which provides an analytical and theoretical framework to move beyond the coupling of welfare and nation and to embrace new forms of transnational living and strategies of social protection. We do this through an exploration of migration decision-making process (often based on limited knowledge of welfare provision in the destination or unplanned), aspirations and welfare strategies developed after migration. We draw on qualitative data gathered through 40 interviews with four internally diverse groups in term of stage in the life-course: i) British migrants in Portugal; ii) Portuguese migrants in the UK; iii) return migrants to Portugal; and iv) non-migrants in Portugal with relatives in the UK. We foreground scale and time in our analysis in the following ways. First, we explore the scaling of formal and informal transnational strategies enacted by migrants from within the home/family to the market and the state. Second, we examine linear and non-linear representations of time to link the life-course with other temporalities to better understand the dynamic nature of welfare strategies developed across two European countries. Joint paper by: Bruno Machado; Jennifer McGarrigle; Maria Lucinda Fonseca; Alina Esteves
Presenter: Maria Lucinda Fonseca, Full Professor, IGOT - Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, Universidade de Lisboa


Refugee integration has been treated as the main goal of the refugee policy and the expected outcome for the refugee settlement. It matters to both refugee groups and established population in the hosting countries. Currently, the surging refugee issues have caused European countries enormous pressure. It also challenges European governments' capacity of managing major public emergencies. However, during the process, the government management deficiencies have been exposed by the mismanagement of refugee settlement and integration actions. In order to support refugee groups and make up for governments' deficiencies mentioned above, in Europe, local families have been organized to host refugees in their residences, which has been considered as a bold step forward and an effective way to help refugees integrate into the new society by living with locals. Social work, a profession that always works with refugee group at the frontline, clearly has much to offer in refugee settlement and integration service. This study takes France as the target country, researches by means of field observation and interview with refugees, local hosting families and relevant social work practitioners, and attempts to assess the effect of family hosting on refugee integration. According to the analysis of integration influences from family hosting, combined with the local social work practice, this study also comes up with suggestions for the future social work practice on improving refugee settlement and integration in hosting society, especially in Europe.
Presenter: Guanyu Ran, ADVANCES Program Candidate, Universit Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense

Workshop 3.2

Reconstructing ways of belonging: Cross-country experiences of multiethnic and multiracial people

Workshop given on Wednesday - round 1 (Workshop 3.2) and 2 (workshop 4.2)


While the intermarriage between different ethnic groups and races has been widely studies in the literature, little is known about the experiences of belonging and socialization of the children of intermarried couples. Do they see themselves as members of the majority group - if that is part of their background - the minority group or a different group of their own? And how are they perceived by others? How do they cope with situations of 'mismatch' between their identity and the way they are seen by others? Finally, with whom do they socialize and partner? This workshop gathers researchers who address these questions when looking at the social, cultural, educational, economic or civic participation of multiethnic and multiracial people in different countries and from a qualitative and quantitative perspective.


Organizer:
Nahikari Irastorza, Researcher, Malmö University

Presenters:
Nahikari Irastorza, Researcher, Malmö University
Sayaka Osanami Trngren, Researcher, Malmö University
Dan Rodrguez-García, Associate Professor, Autonomous University of Barcelona
Daphne Arbouz, (To be Confirmed)

Workshop 3.3

Enacting Cultures of Care

Workshop given on Wednesday - round 1 (Workshop 3.3) and 2 (workshop 4.3)


As stakeholders seeking to frame, assess, support, and respond effectively to today's unprecedented challenges involving migration, nationalism, and the emergence of 'post-truth' politics, we find ourselves in uncharted territory, bravely navigating a complex range of agendas, needs, resources, and opportunities. In spite of these disorienting dilemmas, we can rely and build upon the deeply human values that undergird our shared desire to take effective action. This interactive workshop will explore the essential value of 'caring and being cared for' that informs and shapes our approaches in intervening. As a team of two presenters, we would like to offer a 180-minute session in three parts: (1) a 60-minute module that draws upon stage development theory to collectively identify and frame the qualities of care that are both explicit and implicit in the distinctive ways that we observe, attend to, and intervene, specifically in the context of migration challenges; (2) a 60-minute module that draws upon arts-based research methods and adult transformative learning praxis to expand our understanding of caring and enhance our capacity for responding in a timely and creative manner, and (3) a 60-minute module for discussion and facilitated dialogue to address key questions surrounding our tested approaches and make recommendations for future engagement relevant to participants in their specific contexts. Together, we will generate original approaches to effectively engage and critically reflect on how to build and sustain thriving cultures of care in the midst of ambiguity.


Organizer:
Carrie Macleod, Faculty, European Graduate School

Presenters:
Carrie Macleod, Faculty, European Graduate School
Jason Meek, Lecturer in Law, Stanford Law School

 

Workshop 3.4

Labor market participation

Workshop given on Tuesday - round 2 (workshop 2.4) + Wednesday - round 1 (Workshop 3.4) and 2 (workshop 4.4)

Focus: Integration in the labour market


This paper aims to illustrate recruitment, wages, and the working conditions of Polish miners in the Northern French Coal Mine Industry in the 1920s and 1930s. In particular, the following questions are addressed: Did Polish miners work under the same conditions as French miners? If not, how did their situation differ from that of their French counterparts?
In the interwar years, the French government and the employer's association of the French coal industry organized the immigration of Polish workers from Poland to France because French mining companies suffered from a shortage of workers needed for the reconstruction that followed the war and for the development of coal as a basic energy source. As a result, the number of Polish miners would increase to one-third of the population in the French coal mines.
Earlier studies have pointed to the unequal treatment of French and Polish miners despite the principle of the equality of all nationalities at an inter-governmental level.
However, no researcher has revealed the wages and working conditions of Polish miners in quantity. No researcher has calculated their differences with French miners in quantitative terms because the personal data was not available in keeping with privacy policy. Therefore researchers used only diaries and interviews, which are personal memories with less objectivity.
I have confirmed the findings of prior studies using newly available personal data and engineer reports from the 1920s and 1930s located in the Archives Nationales du Monde du Travail and Centre historique minier Lewarde. After examining the data and reports, I made use of quantitative data to statistically analyze whether Polish workers had a positive impact on coal production in France. Finally, I provide my own assessment of the conditions under which Polish miners worked and their impact on the production systems of the French coal mining industry.
Presenter: Hiroko Sadato, Doctoral candidate, Arizona State University


The number of immigrants in Finland is low compared to many other European countries, but it is nevertheless increasing year by year. This paper focuses on the position of immigrants in the Finnish labour markets in the 2010s. The analysis provides information about their employment situation by gender, ethnic background, economic sectors and professions; it also assesses unemployment.
There are signs that immigrants are in a different position in the labour market according to their ethnic background. There are also variations in terms of the economic sectors that immigrants enter based on gender.
In aging societies, increased immigration as a means of compensating for low reproduction rates among the native population has been considered as an option for countering the impending labour shortage. The study data consists of official statistics from Statistics Finland.
Presenter: Elli Heikkilä, Research Director, University of Oxford


The sharp rise in the number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe has brought their social integration to the forefront of policymakers' attention. This interest is reflected in numerous recent reports and publications produced by international organisations (Eurostat, OECD, MPI, ILO, UNHCR). There is strong empirical evidence that the initial channel of entry defines the integration path of migrants in European countries (Bloch, 2008, 2013). Research has also highlighted that work and engagement with the labour market influences migration and acculturation experiences (Alberti, 2014; Andrzejewska and Rye, 2012); and, significantly, that the employment rate of refugees is significantly lower than for other migrant categories (Bloch, 2008, 2013). However, most studies consider refugees' experiences without focusing on the entry channel and hence ignore an important dimension of their labour market integration. Moreover, access to the labour market of women refugee, regardless of channel of entry, has not received special attention by policy makers and legislators. According to OECD/EU indicators (2015) women refugees have significantly worse labour market outcomes and their labour market integration is slower than that of male migrants.
The present paper, which is based on an ongoing university funded research project, seeks to understand how current UK policy and legislation shapes the way 'newly resettled' and 'newly recognised' refugees, including women refugee, integrate into the labour market, examining, in particular, the barriers that they face. The focus is mainly on labour-market integration measures, including success in finding employment; however, other integration criteria such as securing accommodation and, where appropriate, help with English language skills are also considered in the study. The paper aims at critically reviewing the main integration policies in relation to labour-market access for both 'types' of newly recognised refugees, offering interesting insights into the UK integration discourse.
Presenter: Clara Della Croce, Associate lecturer, Knowledge Exchange Fellow, Oxford Brookes University


In major cities there are consultation possibilities for refugees. But what about the suburbs or countryside's that don't have anyone but the refugees still live in? What about their opportunities to become integrated and have a possibility for work? For this exact reason, our job, "Talentscout for Refugees" was initiated by MigraNet (IQ Landesnetzwerk Bayern) and AGABY (Committee of Councels's of Immigrants in Bavaria) to be able to have us in places where no one else goes. AGABY has been in place for almost 25 years and covers a vast majority of area with their Counsels of Immigrants throughout Bavaria. 
Presenter: Souzan Nicholson, Talentscout für Flüchtlinge, Projekt von MigraNet und AGABY e.V.


While OECD countries (such as Australia, Canada and New Zealand) have prioritised and championed the merits of permanent skilled migration, the past decade has coincided with rapid deregulation of temporary labour migration flows. Within this context there has been growing debate concerning the precarity of temporary foreign workers. Many critics assume this migration pathway to constitute an inferior and potentially exploitative form associated with high risk from sponsoring employers, uncertain length of stay, relegation to undersupplied industry sectors and sites, and exclusion from welfare or settlement services. This paper tests such assumptions, based on analysis of 2008-09 to 2015-16 Department of Immigration and Border Protection permanent compared to temporary skilled migration arrivals data for major fields. Select case studies are provided in greater depth, based on analysis of trends in engineering, medicine, nursing, accounting and IT compared to the trades, including the scale of temporary workers transition to permanent resident status.
Presenter: Lesleyanne Hawthorne, Professor - International Workforce, University of Melbourne

 

Workshop 3.5

Public Policy and Economic Integration of Immigrants and Racialized Minorities: International Perspective through the prism of global justice and social cohesion

A number of studies have highlighted evidence of discrimination against immigrants by in the labour market. The research pointed that discrimination exists in the recruitment of individual with an immigrant background. The issue of discrimination against immigrant has received attention in many countries (Canada, United States, and European countries). Many of these countries have adopted immigration policies that give preference to skilled migrants, the assumption being that migrants with higher education will be integrated easily in the labour market. However, studies show that this assumption is largely unjustified. For example, a large rate of new comers and racialized minorities cannot use their social and cultural capital to establish themselves in the upper segments of the labour market. A considerable number of immigrants are not integrated in the labour market and many of them occupy positions below their skill-level. Indeed, a review of existing literature indicated various structural barriers faced by immigrants and minorities in the labour market. The differentiated and segmented participation of these immigrants in the labour market is well explained by analyzing the interplay of class, ethnicity and gender.
Therefore the session will tackle this issue under divergent and yet complementary perspectives through the prism of global justice and social cohesion.


Organizer:
Marie-Thérse Chicha, Titulaire de la Chaire, Chaire en Relations Ethniques - Université de Montréal

Presenter:
Myrlande Pierre, Policy maker and researcher, Centre de recherché en immigration, ethnicité et citoyenneté (CRIEC), Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM)

Workshop 3.6

Political participation at local level


The city is at the forefront of rapidly changing demographics. Policy-and decision makers, civil society, businesses, the media and other actors have a vested interest in creating well-functioning diverse cities. Yet, discrimination and marginalisation continues to be daily realities of the most vulnerable in many cities.
There are a number of community-and municipality-led initiatives which seek to address these inequalities and this forum will investigate the relationship between civil society and local government when developing, implementing and evaluating inclusion policies and practices. Drawing on the experience of AarhuSomali, Denmark the workshop will discuss how civil society can be smarter in becoming trusted partners and effective advocates with policy-and decision makers. The workshop will also address the innovative approach to urban inclusion by the city of Oldenburg, Germany; how its Department of Inclusion is creating opportunities for full participation of the city's various constituents and the challenges it is facing.
The workshop will be highly interactive and participants are encouraged to exchange experiences and thoughts on how civil society and local government can form effective and lasting relationships on inclusion.


Organizer:
Klaus Dik Nielsen, Advocate on inclusion, Independent

Presenters:
Lena Haddenhorst, Coordinator, City of Oldenburg, Department of Inclusion Abdulkadir Osman Farah, Co-Founder, AarhuSomali

 

Workshop 3.7

Integration and Social Belonging through Play

As migration presents a long-term, multi-faceted process of finding belonging, it presents a unique opportunity to address innovative methods for supporting immigrant and refugee children as they integrate into their new communities. By creating an environment of play - focusing on recreation and arts-based methodologies - it is possible to successfully support social, emotional, linguistic, physical, and cultural integration. Settlement has traditionally focused on the immediacy of physical basic needs, with interventions that did not necessarily place enough emphasis on the emotional needs of the whole resettlement journey. Over the last 20 years, research and practice, have proven the value of not only considering, but incorporating, arts based interventions and pro-social recreational opportunities that contribute to whole family wellness and children's wellbeing. According to the International Play Association's Declaration on the Importance of Play: 'playing is vital to the understanding, development, and maintenance of valued relationships with others. Playful interactions 'help in understanding relationships and attachment, language, roles, and social structures.' It is these principles that also guide the idea that children should be considered with their own agency, capable of developing social capital in their own right, not only in relation to adults: ' the social capital of children in often 'invisible'. Further, it is often seen as an 'asset' for future benefit, not something 'in their lives in the present' (Colbert, 2013). A pro social, experiential, approach to programming could employ a culturally competent and trauma informed approach to learning and development that draws on the participants innate resilience in a time of significant adjustment and resettlement. It has been our experience that play promotes normalcy, healing, and healthy behavioral development - as well as supports the complex process on integration into a new community following a period of crisis, trauma, or forced migration. This workshop will speak to the approaches used towards establishing a range of partnerships in order to engage children and youth in the local community, culture, and language through various forms of play, while remaining sensitive to culture and background.


Organizer:
Fariborz Birjandian, CEO, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society (CCIS)

Presenters:
Amanda Koyama, Manager - Family and Children's Services, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society (CCIS)
Shaun Jayachandran, Founder and President, Crossover Basketball and Scholar's Academy
(To be confirmed)

 

Workshop 3.8

Refugee resettlement in Australia: regional and local perspectives


Australia has a long history of refugee resettlement and a track record in delivering a range of settlement policies and programs which work towards integration. In the Australian context the integration of refugees (and migrants) is largely conceptualised as a long-term two-way process of mutual adaptation by refugees and the host society. Australia's policy and program response in terms of refugee resettlement is complex and has been subject to significant reform under successive governments at a national level and a state level. The most recent response and exploration of refugee resettlement and integration has grown from an increase in Australia's intake of refugees arising from the Syrian conflict.


In this workshop we explore a number of dimensions of refugee resettlement including: regional perspectives on refugee resettlement in the Asia-Pacific; the evolution of government policy and program settings that contribute to refugee integration; national perspectives of refugees across key domains of settlement and integration; and perceptions of refugees on the main on-arrival settlement program in Australia.


Organizer:
Tadgh McMahon, Research and Policy Manager, Settlement Services International

Presenters:
(To Be Confirmed)

 

Workshop 3.9

Voluntarism and Refugee Integration in a Context of Rising Xenophobia and Racism


While the protection of refugees is fundamental to international human rights law, rising xenophobia in Europe and the United States has undermined historic commitments to refugees and immigrants. The right to seek asylum and refuge from persecution is enshrined in international law, including the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of the Refugee and the 1967 Optional Protocol. Yet nationalist currents throughout Europe and the United States threaten efforts to provide asylum seekers and refugees with the basic human right to protection. Recent policies in the European Union, as well as political developments in the United States, have emphasized securing national borders against migrants. This has resulted in frequent violations of the basic principles in the 1951 Geneva Convention: 'voluntary' returns of refugees, violations of the non-return principle, and selection and triage criteria that undermine the universality and non-discrimination principles of human rights laws. Within this context, identifying elements that promote safety and well-being in the migration process is essential, with a renewed focus on the rights of migrants and refugees.
This workshop illustrates approaches that engage community members, local leaders, policy makers, advocates, and refugees in developing effective responses to the growing backlash against refugees and migrants. Presenters will review legal and policy efforts to limit access or deny services to refugees in Europe and the United States. Examples of emergent community-based efforts to protect refugees in Austria, Italy, and United States will highlight how local actors seek to combat 'restrictionist' (securitization) policies and promote safe resettlement practices. Presenters will stress the importance of horizontal, municipal-level responses to support refugees and migrants as a strategy to combat piecemeal national or regional approaches and exclusionary policies.


Organizer:
Kathryn Libal, Associate Professor and Director, Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut

Presenters:
Kathryn Libal, Associate Professor and Director, Human Rights Institute, University of Connecticut
Scott Harding, Associate Professor, University of Connecticut
Marciana Popescue, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Social Service, Fordham University

 

Workshop 3.10

Sanctuary in the city: Supporting the temporary relocation and protection of human rights defenders at risk


As part of the global shrinking space for civil society, human rights defenders face growing restrictions on their activities and risks to their well-being. In recent years, an alarming number of human rights defenders have faced a range of very serious threats, including disappearance and extra-judicial execution. In response to this global phenomenon, there has been a significant growth in the number, scale and diversity of temporary international relocation initiatives (TIRIs) for human rights defenders (HRDs) at risk. There now exist more than four dozen TIRIs providing protection to HRDs at risk in and from all parts of the world; hundreds of HRDs have received and many continue to receive protection through these initiatives. All of these TIRIs are based in local communities and many are led by or have significant involvement of local government. The workshop seeks to explore the role of and opportunities and challenges facing local actors (civil society and local government) in providing sanctuary to human rights defenders at risk.

The workshop will use the following clusters of questions to guide its discussion: (1) What is the current state of practice in relation to temporary relocation of human rights defenders at risk? What is the relationship of temporary relocation initiatives to other more traditional forms of protection, including more formal processes of seeking asylum? (2) How are civil society, local government and other actors involved in temporary relocation initiatives and what has been their experience in such initiatives? (3) How does the involvement of these actors in temporary relocation initiatives fit with their broader responses to migration, integration and diversity?

The workshop would be organised as a structured discussion around the foregoing three questions (50 minutes each, with two 10 minute discussants per question and an additional 30 minutes for further discussion and audience input) with an additional 30 minutes overview and wrap up (with time also allotted for any break between the two parts of the session). The workshop would also provide an opportunity to present and discuss recent research on temporary relocation and would be co-organised by (and build on the existing collaboration between) the Centre for Applied Human Rights, Justice and Peace, and International Cities of Refuge Network (ICORN).

Participants in and discussants at the workshop will be drawn from existing providers of temporary relocation (including Justice and Peace - Netherlands; ICORN - Norway / International, Centre for Applied Human Rights - UK); providers of protection to human rights defenders at risk (Protection International - Belgium / International; the office of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders - Switzerland / International); and, funders of temporary relocation initiatives (EU Human Rights Defender Relocation Platform - Belgium / International). We are also (funding permitting) seeking to involve participants from the Global South in the workshop (including through presentations by Defend Defenders - Uganda / Africa and/or one or more of the ICORN cities in the Global South).


Organizer:
Martin Jones, Senior Lecturer in International Human Rights Law, Centre for Applied Human Rights, University of York

Presenters:
(To be Confirmed)

 

Workshop 3.11

Private Sponsorship of Refugees: Canadas Welcome

Canada is unique in being the first among a small number of nations which allow private groups to take on the costs and obligations associated with refugee resettlement. The Private Sponsorship of Refugees (PSR) program could be a model for other countries. This workshop will explore best practices of this "warm welcome".


Organizer:
Lynn Waever, Executive Director, Cowichan Intercultural and Immigrant Aid Society

Presenters:
(To be Confirmed)

 

Workshop 3.12

Legal dimensions of migrant integration


This presentation examines foreign workers' legal status and right in respect of discrimination in South Korea. The Constitution of the South Korea declares in Article 6(2) that the status of foreigners shall be protected as prescribed by international law and treaties. In1948, referring to Article 10(2) of the Italian Constitution promulgated in 1947 and enforced in 1948, its original provision, Article 7(2), was adopted in the first Korean Constitution.
There are many foreigners in South Korea, for instance, foreign workers and marriage migrant women. Marriage migrant women is a person who has legal status is recognized on the basis of the nationality act and the constitution. Marriage migrant women is a person who is in the marriage state or married the Korean people be the person who entered the country for the purpose of marriage. There are many workers who have entered into South Korea.
Korean policy of foreign manpower is based on the principle of short-term rotation, because it assumes that labor power is just one factor of production, like capital or raw materials.
As a result, it was inevitable to generate many undocumented foreign workers whose number has not much changed from the past. Undocumented foreign workers and their family frequently suffer from human rights violations and do not dare to appeal for correction officially. This presentation probes into court cases in order to see whether undocumented foreign workers could retain the legal status as worker. Existent court cases show that undocumented foreign workers are qualified to retain the legal status as worker, and that they are also entitled to industrial accident benefits. Nevertheless, they rarely show up to assert their rights in fear of deportation. This presentation examines foreign workers status and right at work in respect of discrimination. Firstly, this presentation explores kinds of statistics concerning foreign workers to understand the situation of them in South Korea. Secondly, this presentation reevaluates some supreme court precedents to conclude whether foreign workers, especially undocumented foreigner should be classified as employee or not. Thirdly, this presentation studies wage differentials between foreign workers and domestic workers to decide whether they suffer from nationality discrimination. But it has been found that it's not that much helpful for the victims to appeal the Fixed-Term Act. Finally, this presentation reviews the debate on undocumented foreigner's right
Presenter: Dohee Jeong, Associate professor, Gyeongsang national university


Statelessness is a deeply disturbing phenomenon that excludes millions of people from the international legal system, and threatens to undermine human rights fundamentally, yet this crisis has been largely overlooked. Even more disturbing, the problem seems concentrated in children. This is beginning to change as new actors, including the UNHCR, are turning the light on this problem, creating a new sense of urgency and attempting to create practical solutions. States are starting to shift their behavior in reaction. Nonetheless, the problem still remains in the law.
This paper will consider whether a prohibition on creation of statelessness of children has emerged as a norm under customary international law. This topic of statelessness has been studied before; however, the study of customary international law has experienced rapid development in this paper will apply the most up-to-date understanding of customary international law to the issue of statelessness. Statelessness has become increasingly interesting to the international community. Now the time is ripe to bring together the most up to date understanding of customary international law and statelessness practice to determine if we can lay a legal foundation for solving this overlooked and intractable crisis.
Presenter: William Worster, Lecturer, The Hague University of Applied Sciences


A salient feature of our modern globalized era that has altered notions of citizenship is the mass displacement of large numbers of people transnationally and trans-continentally, and the ongoing European refugee crisis evidences this. Displaced and stateless persons, with limited resources and a lack of access to state protection, are left at the mercy of humanitarian and non-state actors. Kenya is the seventh largest refugee-hosting nation worldwide and the second largest in all of Africa. In light of the post 9/11 security context, urban refugee communities, specifically Somalis, are subject to increased surveillance, targeting and securitization. Thus, the focus of this study is to investigate the ways in which Somali Urban refugees in Nairobi engage in 'acts of citizenship' amidst increased securitization and marginalization. This is particularly critical as on May 11th 2016, the Kenyan government announced its decision to close the Dadaab refugee camp which hosts 330,000 mostly Somali refugees, citing national security concerns. This would result in the forced repatriation of thousands of Somali refugees. This, coupled with the growing anti-migrant rhetoric, the upsurge of far-right sentiments in the global north and the privileging of post-truth politics; which posits immigrants and refugees as the cause of various ills ranging from economic instability, unemployment and religious fundamentalism, points to a need for new approaches and tools towards enshrining social justice for migrants. An investigation into the myriad ways in which urban refugees enact citizenship, despite a lack of citizenship status, can demonstrate, their social, civic and political contributions to the communities in which they inhabit. By demonstrating how the parameters of citizenship are broadened in cities of the Global South, this opens a space for a re-thinking on rights for urban refugees and a broadening of pathways towards local integration and citizenship.
Presenter: Sinmi Akin-Aina, Research Associate, African Leadership Centre


Canada is recognized on the international stage as a welcoming and diverse country. Over the past ten years, 2.6 million newcomers have settled in communities across Canada. They come from countries around the world, speak over 100 languages, and include refugees, skilled professionals, families, children and youth, and seniors. Today, more than 20% of Canada's population are immigrants and 17% of those born in Canada are the children of at least one immigrant parent.
While these numbers speak to the welcoming nature of the country, it also only presents part of the picture. To better understand Canada's success, we need to ask: what does successful newcomer integration look like in a country as diverse as Canada? The presentation will provide insight into the newcomer integration outcomes that have been achieved in the province of British Columbia, Canada. In particular, it will provide an overview of the key drivers to successful newcomer integration in Canada as well as best practices in service and policy. This includes innovative approaches to integration by both settlement service providers (i.e. NGOs) as well as the essential role played by local community stakeholders (including local government, leaders, employers/businesses, and residents) to be welcoming and inclusive to newcomers. Through this presentation, attendees will better understand Canada's unique and comprehensive approach to newcomer integration and how they can adopt best practices and policies for their local communities.
Presenter: Queenie Choo, Chief Executive Officer, S.U.C.C.E.S.S.

 

Workshop 3.13

Symposium: Business as Usual? Labor Market Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.13) and 2 (workshop 2.13) + Wednesday round 1(Workshop 3.13) and 2 (workshop 4.13) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.13) and 2 (workshop 6.13)


A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and the Network "Integration through Qualification" (IQ) from Germany. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see: www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium2.php

 

Workshop 3.14

Symposium: Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration: Reappraising Traditional Discussions

Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.14) and 2 (workshop 2.14) + Wednesday round 1(Workshop 3.14) and 2 (workshop 4.14) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.14) and 2 (workshop 6.14)


A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and MiReKoc at Koç University in Istanbul. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium.php

 

Workshop 3.15

Transit migration


An increasing number of refugees and asylum seekers are living in Indonesia in transit, some are en route to Australia others are waiting and hoping for resettlement in a third country. According to the UNHCR (per February 2016), in Indonesia, as many as 13,829 persons (6,269 refugees and 7,560 asylum seekers) were registered (including 4,007 cases of 6,090 individuals pending) with a Refugee Status Determination (RSD) by the UNHCR. They are now living in detention centers and shelters all over Indonesia such as in Kupang, Langsa, Lhoksomawe, Surabaya, Medan, Cisarua, Makassar, Tanjung Pinang and Pekanbaru (UNHCR, 2016). This research departs from the notion that asylum seekers and refugees in Indonesia increasingly experience a state of 'permanent-temporariness' in waiting for their permanent re-settlement in their destination countries. Based on ethnographic observation of refugees shelters in Makassar, Indonesia and institutional policy analysis in Jakarta, Indonesia; the research aims to study the experience and policy dynamics of this situation where temporality transcends into a permanent situation. This research addresses the core question; 'How do (Rohingya or Hazara) refugees whose migrant trajectories have come to a stand-still in Indonesia, create, experience and appropriate a state of permanent temporariness produced by global, national and regional refugee policies?' This research has four purposes; first, to analyse the process of refugee policy making in Indonesia, the development of refugee governance and the paradoxes of the implementation of the refugee policy in Indonesia. Second, to understand the experience of being 'permanent-temporary' by refugees/asylum seekers of particular ethnic groups in Indonesia. Third, to understand the responses to and influence of being in a state of permanent-temporariness. Fourth, understanding the relationship of the state of permanent-temporariness vis a vis the host society.
Presenter: Nur Isdah Idris, PhD candidate, Universitas Amsterdam


In recent years, studies on the management of migration have highlighted the rise of institutions for 'diaspora management,' such as Ministries that serve diasporas. The case of China's transnational approach to migration management presents us with policies that go far beyond this institutional approach. The Chinese model involves both state and non-state actors, placing much emphasis on the role of diasporic organizations in China and internationally. As in other developing countries, return migration policies are a central part of migration management in China. An integral aspect of these policies has been to attract Chinese talents - including Chinese students abroad - and foreign talents in tandem with a number of so-called Talent Plans. What lessons do China's transnational approach and its emphasis on high-skilled return migration offer? And what does this imply for integration in this context? This presentation argues that, in spite of the successes of China's migration management, it remains limited in terms of long-term residence and integration efforts. Even though attempts to make the 'green card' more accessible to foreign nationals are in place, they continue to target the highly skilled. Because of the emphasis on mobility rather than on permanent settlement, and because China has only recently become an immigration country, the question of integration has only just come to the forefront. In addition, lower skilled migrants continue to resort to irregular channels and to overstay on temporary visas. Given the increase in emigration and immigration in recent years, China's migration management system, as is the case globally, is in a state of transition. Hence, the broader question that emerges from this case study is: To what extent can transitions of a scale previously unimagined be managed?
Presenter: Els van Dongen, Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


Considering the extreme historical heterogeneity structure in Cochabamba, the high levels of inequality, inequity and poverty, it has been considered relevant to evaluate the impact of transnational migrations in the household of migrants. Particularly because over the past 15 years, there has been an increase in the flow of migrants in all directions, international migration has become a survival strategy for many families without income. The women had to migrate to obtain the family support leaving their mothers (grandmothers) responsible for the care of their children, this model of "welfare familista" has provoked a series of complex impacts. The interactions resulting from migration at origin / destination and the need to understand the multiple dimensions produced in the homes in search of global justice are factors that inspire a methodological innovation, using the Generalized Canonical Correlation (GCCA) model, since it is a vigorous instrument of data reduction and allows a good multivariate approximation to the interpretation of several factors of interaction of the mentioned process. The goal of this work will be, to find the simultaneous interaction of the socioeconomic position in origin; The socio-spatial dimension; the life conditions; the life cycle in which the families develop; aspects relating to risks and aspirations; the characteristics of the migrant in the country of destination, the communication between origin and destination, the role of remittances and the tasks of caring for the family left behind, the procedure of generalized analysis of canonical correlation, the discussion of the multiple arrangements of the transnational family and the solidarity of the family networks in Cochabamba this way we will be able to identify the inputs that may influence public policy.

Presenters:
Maria Del Carmen Ledo Garcia, Director CEPLAG - UMSS
Svetlana Maximova. Professor, Doctor of Sociology.
Oksana Noyanzina. Candidate of Sociology.
Omelchenko Daria. Candidate of Sociology
Maxim Maximov. Candidate of Sociology.


The policy of Russian national interests essentially transformed in accordance with ethnic-cultural processes of the last years and new threats to the civic solidarity, in the sphere of Russian migration policy, especially. Necessity of modernization of Russian migration policy is caused by the increased complexity of ethnic-social and ethnic-political processes, related to uncontrolled streams of migrants and refugees as one of main challenges for European society. We consider important the transformation of the Russian migration policy against countries the Central Asia. We realized analysis of peculiarities of migration policy in relation to migrants form the CIS countries basing on sociological survey data (2015-2016, sampling covered 9 bordering regions: the Altai region, the Amur region, the Omsk region, the Orenburg region, the Republic of Altai and the Republic of Karelia, n = 3600, age of respondents 15-75 years). As a result, we concluded that the population's evaluation of Russian migration policy was separated: the third of respondents (30.0%) are for absence of administrative barriers against migration streams from the CIS countries, they will try to for the benefits; the other part (46.0%) considers the limitation of migration streams. The most favorable situation is in the Altai region, the Republic of Altai and the Republic of Karelia: here the citizens are loyal in relation to representatives of other ethnic groups and migrants form the CIS countries, such as in relation to government measures in relation to the last; they see concrete results of the work and are positive in evaluations.
Presenter: Svetlana Maximova, Head of the Department of psychology of communications and psychotechnologies, Altai State University

 

Workshop 3.16

The Social and Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Canada: Theory, Policy, and Outcomes.


Arguably, since at least 1961, Canada has recognized immigration as a major pillar of national development in not only demographic and economic terms but also in social and cultural domains. This strong commitment to the development of a robust immigration program can be seen early on with measures such as: A 1% immigration target introduced in 1961, an impartial human-capital based point-system introduced in 1967, an inclusive multiculturalist policy passed into law in 1988, and more recently a commitment to "the successful integration of permanent residents" as enshrined in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act of 2001 (sec. 3.1, art. e). Notwithstanding these important milestones, we still have yet to arrive at a coherent and cohesive understanding of what constitutes 'successful integration' particularly in social and cultural domains.

Therefore, as a way to further advance that long-term vision, in this workshop we will deconstruct the process of socio-cultural integration and explore how it has been conceptualized, operationalized, and implemented while also examining the known outcomes. To this effect, the first presentation will focus on the practice of 'integration' in terms of the public policies, programs, and initiatives that presently target immigrant integration in Canada in part or in whole. Specifically, it highlights program focus, scope, implementation, and goals. The second presentation will provide a synthesis of models of immigrant integration stretching from the 1920s to 2016. Specifically, it highlights the cumulative gaps, recent advances, and current tensions between different constructs, taxonomies, and ontological bases for cultural integration. Lastly, the final presentation will take us from policy and theory and into outcomes by reflecting on the individual and national-level implications of social capital outcomes of newcomers in Canada. Ultimately, the workshop will enable audiences to better understand the theory, policy and outcomes of immigrant integration in Canada while also serving as a foundation for further interdisciplinary discussions.


Organizer: Alejandro Páez Silva, Research Analyst / Graduate Student, Official Languages and Bilingualism Institute, University of Ottawa

Presenters: Dawn E. Edlund, Associate Assistant Deputy Minister Operations, Department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Pieter Bevelander, Director of Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare, Malmö University

 

Workshop 3.17

This workshop will be given by Peter Gruenheid.
Abstract will follow and be online 1th of August.

 

Workshop 3.18 E

Symposium: The Hague: Migration and Integration on Site

Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.18e) and 2 (workshop 2.18e) + Wednesday round 1(Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.18e) and 2 (workshop 2.18e) + Wednesday round 1(Workshop 3.18e) and 2 (workshop 4.18e)
If you want to attend this symposium you have to select round 1 and 2 in your personal program.


A Program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague and the research group Metropolitan Development of The Hague University of Applied Sciences.
This workshop will find place outside the conference venue at The Hague University of Applied Sciences. Buses will bring you to this venue and back to the World Forum.
www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium3.php