Below is the complete list of workshops given on this day and time.
Please note that some workshops are following up on each other and are given on multiple days / rounds. This is mentioned in the text.
When choosing your personal program you have to fill in for each round which workshop you would like to attend, also when workshops are following up on each other.
There will be two symposia ('Business as usual?' and 'Turkey at the Crossroads of Migration') organised, that covers each day round 1 and round 2.
One symposium (The Hague: Migration and Integration on Site) is organised outside the conference venue (on Tuesday and Wednesday). If you want to attend this symposium please select round 1 and round 2. Buses will be ready to bring you to this symposium venue.
|Workshop 1.2||Europe 2|
|Workshop 1.6||Kilimanjaro 2|
|Workshop 1.10||North America|
|Workshop 1.11||Central America|
|Workshop 1.12||South America|
|Workshop 1.13||Yangtze 1|
|Workshop 1.14||Yangtze 2|
|Workshop 1.16||Everest 1|
|Workshop 1.17||Everest 2|
|Workshop 1.18 E||Extern|
Refugee Entrepreneurship Workshop: Envisioning and Fostering Refugee Entrepreneurship as a Pathway to Economic Integration
Workshop given Tuesday – round 1 and 2
Why a workshop on refugee entrepreneurship
Although better access to attractive job opportunities can accelerate the economic integration of refugees in their receiving countries, an emerging view is that entrepreneurship is an alternative pathway that warrants special attention. This interdisciplinary workshop offers an opportunity to discuss how entrepreneurship may be promoted more strategically and effectively among refugees. It features interesting presentations on relevant conceptual frameworks, empirical work, best practices and actionable recommendations.
The key questions to be addressed include:
Why you should attend
Nadine Förster, Workshop co-chair
Chair of the Competence Centre for Migrant Entrepreneurship, IQ Network Germany; social scientist/group dynamic trainer (for-profit and non-profit organizations). Her expertise includes the design and implementation of integration and labour market policies, with a special focus on immigrant and refugee entrepreneurship. In partnership with the University of Mannheim, Nadine recently co-authored a Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) commissioned study (2017) that seeks to understand and leverage the entrepreneurial potential of immigrants in Germany. She also authored a 2016 feasibility study on the viability of self-employment in refugee households. Nadine has been coordinating a nationwide network of experts on the migrant economy since 2005, and has successfully partnered with international experts across Europe and North America. She has a passion for bringing people with diverse expertise together to productively engage on critical migrant issues. Nadine has served in a variety of roles, including moderator, evaluator, censor, guest lecturer, and a highly trusted consultant.
Horatio M. Morgan, Workshop co-chair
Associate Professor of Global Management at the Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University. His expertise includes international entrepreneurship with a focus on immigrant entrepreneurs. He has extensive experience conducting research, advising, and speaking on their contributions to the development, innovation performance, global expansion and financial success of Canadian small and medium-sized enterprises. As a thought leader on the economic integration of immigrants, Horatio is well known for contributing towards evidence-based policy-making aimed at incorporating Canada’s immigrant entrepreneurs in a national ‘go-global’ agenda. His work has been published in internationally recognized academic journals, and major industry reports in collaboration with the Conference Board of Canada and others. Horatio has served as a trusted adviser and strategist to many corporations, non-profit organizations, government departments/agencies and think tanks.
Carola Burkert, Presentation: A brief overview of the refugee case in Germany
Carola studied social sciences in Nuremberg (Germany) and Bath (UK). She was on the staff of the German Federal Agency for Recognition of Foreign Refugees, and a researcher on the Council of Experts on Immigration and Integration. Carola has been a member of the research staff of IAB since 2005, and works on a wide range of topics – including immigration and integration of migrants.
Catarina Reis Oliveira, Presentation: “The opportunity structure for Refugees entrepreneurship: lack of policy intervention or absence of community resources?”
Director of the Observatory for Migration since 2016; and since 2005, the executive coordinator of the same Observatory. She was an advisor to three Portuguese High Commissioners for Immigration and Intercultural Dialogue (now High Commissioner for Migrations - ACM), and the Head of the Unit of Research and International Relations of ACM between 2005 and 2015. Between 2001 and 2005, Catarina was a Lecturer in the Sociology Department of the New University of Lisbon. She holds a degree in Sociology, an MA in Statistics, and a PhD in Sociology (with a focus on immigrant entrepreneurial strategies in cities). Catarina has published extensively on migration issues. In a recent co-authored study (“Immigrants’ political claims in Portugal: Confronting the political opportunity structure with perceptions and discourses”, 2017), she offers insight into the key macro-level factors that shape immigrants’ political inclusion in the context of Portugal. In addition, she previously served on the team of the Portuguese Focal Point of the European Racism and Xenophobia Information Network (RAXEN) (until 2005). In the role of a coordinator, Catarina has also contributed to the EU Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurs Network between 2004 and 2008, as well as the INTI project (One-Stop-Shop: a new answer for immigrants’ integration) between 2007 and 2009.
Sílva Cardoso, Presentation: “Promoting Entrepreneurship and integration of refugees in Portugal: notes and reflections from a country where they are welcome, but do not stay!”
Sílvia Cardoso is a 2nd year PhD candidate in the Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Lisbon. Her background is in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Currently, she is working on refugees and asylum seekers in Portugal and the mental maps of their im/moblity trajectories, through an ethnography of memory, subjectivity and experiences of emplacement, displacement and in-betweeness.
Aki Harima, Presentation: “Success Factors in Refugee Entrepreneurship: International Perspective”
Postdoctoral researcher at the Chair in Small Business and Entrepreneurship (LEMEX) of the University of Bremen, Bremen (Germany). Her research focuses are entrepreneurial activities of migrants and refugees, startup ecosystems and incubators & accelerators. She offers seminars and lectures on qualitative studies as well as transnational entrepreneurship, and supervises bachelor and master students’ theses on migrant, transnational and refugee entrepreneurship. Aki Harima is one of the initiators and main organizers of the annual international conference on migration and diaspora entrepreneurship (MDE).
Jock Collins, Presentation: “Policy initiatives for refugee business start-ups in Sydney Australia”
Professor of Social Economics in the Management Discipline Group at the UTS Business School, Sydney, Australia. He has been teaching and conducting research at UTS since 1977. He is Co-Director of the Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Research Centre at UTS. His research interests centre on an interdisciplinary study of immigration and cultural diversity in the economy and society. His recent research has been on Australian immigration, ethnic crime, immigrant and Indigenous entrepreneurship, immigrant youth, ethnic precincts and tourism, multiculturalism, the Cronulla Beach Riots, global teachers, immigrants and the built environment and immigrants in regional and rural Australia and the social use of ethnic heritage and the built environment. He is the author or co-author of ten books, the most recent of which is Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr. Chips Hello Ms. Banerjee (with Carol Reid and Michael Singh) to be published by Springer Press later this year. He is also the author of over 100 articles in international and national academic journals and book chapters. His work has been translated in Swedish, French, Japanese, Arabic, Dutch, Chinese, Portuguese, German, Turkish and Italian. Jock Collins has had visiting academic appointments in the UK, Canada, Sweden and the United States and has consulted to the ILO and OECD.
Ralph Achenbach, Presentation: Refugee microenterprise development in the US
Managing Director for IRC Deutschland, the German section of the international humanitarian agency that was founded in 1933 at the suggestion of Albert Einstein and today helps people whose lives and livelihoods have been shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover and gain control of their future in 40 countries worldwide. Previously, Ralph worked in the IRC’s microenterprise development projects in the US as well as with underserved communities in Asia. He holds a Bachelor’s in Management from the London School of Economics and a Master’s in Modern Chinese Studies from the University of Cambridge.
Nadine Förster, Chair of the Competence Centre for Migrant Entrepreneurship, IQ Network Germany
Horatio M. Morgan, Associate Professor, Ryerson University
Workshop given Tuesday – round 1 and 2
Since its creation, the policy field in the Netherlands that aims to advance the 'integration' of migrants and Dutch citizens 'with a migrant background' is repeatedly being critiqued for failing to deliver what it promises. An intensification or adjustment of policy interventions is consistently proposed as a remedy for its own ills, which in turn is later also thought to be unsuccessful. Besides raising the question of why policies fail, this recurrent perception of failure also begs for an analyses of what other, unintended effects policy interventions may have; despite the limited results they are believed to have been having since first being created in the early 1980s, integration policies have become more politically important over time. Based on interviews with involved policy makers, archival research, observations and analysis of public documents this presentation answers the question how social processes related to migration and diversity have been rendered amenable to technic policy interventions in the Netherlands and what effects this has been having.
Policies aim to address social relations, developments and anxieties related to migration, belonging and coexistence, which are, however, very difficult to amend through policy interventions. Not only is social reality complex and difficult to steer, expertise underpinning interventions has been flawed and the organisation and implementation of the policy field has been complicated, also because of a one-sided political interest. Consequently, integration policies have since their first creation been recreating the conditions, i.e. the marginalisation of national outsiders, they aim to improve. Instead of bringing the intended results of 'bridging gaps' or making people 'participate', policies have the, far more important, instrumental effects of consolidating the social order in which established nationals are dominant and naturally belong. These interventions, moreover, disguise their own imbrication with power and depoliticise questions about the changing fabric of the nation state.
Presenter: Michiel Swinkels, Researcher, PhD candidate
Denmark, not unlike other European countries, has introduced specific integration measures for foreigners. Today, different instruments exist, such as the integration contract, the integration program, and the integration course, all of which aim to foster the integration for newly-arrived foreigners. In this paper, I will critically analyse the use of contracts as a legal tool with an integration purpose. The integration contract is a coercive legal instrument that refugees and family reunited migrants are obliged to sign with the municipalities and which establish the duty of foreigners to attend Danish language and culture courses, to start a traineeship, or to upgrade their work skills by entering into a partnership agreement with a company. If foreigners do not comply with the conditions stated in the contract, the municipality can withdraw their social benefits and/or other legal consequences may ensue which may endanger the prospect of integration in the long run. Moreover, no empirical data has shown that the integration contract is a successful tool of integration. As such, although in theory it appears to be an effective device that can boost the integration process, the integration contract may create an unbalanced relationship between municipalities and foreigners, especially those foreigners from more vulnerable groups. The paper investigates the role of integration policy in response to migration and cultural diversity. The paper will parse the political rationale behind the integration contract, explore its content, and evaluate its legal implications. The paper also examines the placing of national policies within the broader context of integration within the European legal framework.
Presenter: Silvia Adamo, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen
Canada is recognized on the international stage as a welcoming and diverse country. Over the past ten years, 2.6 million newcomers have settled in communities across Canada. They come from countries around the world, speak over 100 languages, and include refugees, skilled professionals, families, children and youth, and seniors. Today, more than 20% of Canada's population are immigrants and 17% of those born in Canada are the children of at least one immigrant parent. While these numbers speak to the welcoming nature of the country, it also only presents part of the picture. To better understand Canada's success, we need to ask: what does successful newcomer integration look like in a country as diverse as Canada? The presentation will provide insight into the newcomer integration outcomes that have been achieved in the province of British Columbia, Canada. In particular, it will provide an overview of the key drivers to successful newcomer integration in Canada as well as best practices in service and policy. This includes innovative approaches to integration by both settlement service providers (i.e. NGOs) as well as the essential role played by local community stakeholders (including local government, leaders, employers/businesses, and residents) to be welcoming and inclusive to newcomers. Through this presentation, attendees will better understand Canada's unique and comprehensive approach to newcomer integration and how they can adopt best practices and policies for their local communities.
Presenter: Queenie Choo, Canada, Chief Executive Officer
In the mid-1990s, the number of asylum applications in the Netherlands showed a marked increase, with a total of 95,000 people applying for asylum between 1995 and 1999. The majority of this group settled in the Netherlands permanently. On the basis of two unique data sources, we assess the structural and socio-cultural integration of this group of refugees. We show longitudinal registration data of all asylum applicants who settled in the Netherlands between 1995 and 1999 (data collected between 1995 and 2012), and a survey among the largest refugee groups (SING 2009), to answer the following research questions: (1) To what extent has the integration in different domains been successful for this cohort of refugees, and how do they compare to regular migrants and native Dutch?; (2) How have these integration processes developed over time?; and (3) Which factors contributed to successful integration of this group? We assess both pre-migration and post-migration characteristics of individual refugees, and take into account the role of the asylum- and integration policy in the 1990s. On the basis of the findings across integration domains, we develop suggestions for dealing with the current inflow of refugees. In addition, we will present a sneak preview of findings from our new longitudinal research project among refugees who arrived in the Netherlands between 2014 and 2016. Differences and similarities in characteristics of asylum populations will be discussed, as well as the role of Dutch asylum policies in these different periods.
Presenter: Mieke Maliepaard, Researcher
In the last decade, the scope, frequency, and intensity of reforms to Canadian immigration, refugee, and citizenship policies has produced a system migration management, which involves a greater but concerning reliance on temporary status. Such reliance leads to abuse, exploitation, family separation, and contributes to racialized and criminalized misinformation about migrants. Moreover, these reforms have made the process of gaining access to permanent status in Canada lengthier, more complicated, and more onerous with little opportunity to appeal or review denied applications. The previous Conservative government used rationales including austerity, efficiency, and securitization to justify these expedient policy changes, which have increased the occurrence and persistence of precarity, contributing to the systemic exclusion of a growing number of non-citizens who live and work in Canada. The current liberal federal government has an ambitious roadmap outlined for the immigration, refugees and citizenship portfolio.
The Ottawa Directions on Precarious Status in Canada is a policy brief commissioned by and presented to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada. It includes recommendations put forward by twelve experts who met for a one-day workshop hosted by Carleton University and the University of Ottawa. This multidisciplinary group was selected on the basis of their scholarship and engagement with policy makers, civil society organizations, and the broader community. They found that the problem of prolonged precarious status in Canada touches upon two broad categories of persons: persons with temporary residence (temporary migrant workers and refugees and refugee claimants) and persons with no status (ascribed by the state designating their entitlement to rights and access to services). Their recommendations are divided into three broad categories: revisions, repeals, and proposed additions to current policies. Overall, they call for a systemic approach to not only reviewing temporary and precarious status in Canada, but also recommends that permanent status should be used more.
Presenter: Amrita Hari, Assistant Professor, Carleton University
Workshop given on Tuesday – Round 1 and 2 + Thursday – Round 2
This paper deals with the newcomer's everyday struggle to get ahead in Germany and The Netherlands while residing beyond the metropoles. Here, a newcomer means an acknowledged asylum seeker who lives more than 1 year and less than 4 years in a neighbourhood of a small or medium sized town. In Germany and The Netherlands, newcomer has been distributed all over the country according to certain rules. Hence, many of them have settled down in (shrinking) small and medium sized towns. There, they have to stay as long as they receive social security benefit. The main research questions are: 1) which kind of strategies do they develop to get ahead (despite they are restricted to move to another place)? and 2) which kind of opportunities or obstacles the newcomer's experience in small town communities? A great body of literature on the newcomer's struggle to get ahead, takes the perspective of the host society. The newcomer's 'integration' in formal subsystems such as educational systems or labour markets is seen as a very constructive and important strategy. However, the everyday path of 'integration' is even more complex. In order to understand this path more in detail, the paper explores the newcomer's view on their situation in relation to the structural conditions that set a certain framework in advance and thus, shape their everyday situations and social action. The results of this study are based on the analysis of 40 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with newcomer, volunteers and governmental actors living in the area around the medium sized town Siegen (D) and in Parkstad Limburg (NL).
Presenter: Sabine Meier, Professor, University Siegen, Faculty II: Education, Architecture and Arts
Since the mid 2000's Eritrea's young have been leaving in droves, in numbers as high as 7,000 monthly. Traversing one of the deadliest migrant trails on earth, Eritreans constitute the second to third largest refugee group to enter the European Union. Based on fieldwork in Bologna, Italy, this paper explores young Eritreans' ambivalent relationship to the existing diaspora and the global politics of mobility that sustain inequalities between the first and second generation diaspora. For thirty years, the Eritrean Liberation Front and its successor the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) waged a guerilla war that culminated in a sovereign Eritrean nation in 1993, in which almost one quarter of Eritrea's total population was dispersed in exile (Matsuoka & Sorensen 2001). Moreover, the guerilla movement made the diaspora major stakeholders in the process of state-building, and has incorporated its diaspora in defining legal citizenship (Woldemikael 2011). Scholars have termed this earlier diasporan generation 'generation nationalism,' (Hepner 2015). The current wave of recent migrants has been shaped by changes in the global migration order (Van Hear 1998) towards one of deportation and securitization, and by the increasing repression and militarization of social life in territorial Eritrea. Contests over who has the right to move animate discourses around morality, ethics deservingness, and politics, creating new political subjectivities around shared experiences of rootlessness for Eritrea's young. This paper locates these emergent discourses and practices in notions of care and aid. By focusing on the relationships between the first and second generation diaspora this paper further problematizes the common-sense notions that human mobility is governed through increasing securitization. Instead, this paper contextualizes Eritreans' mobility through the particular dynamics of Eritrean state formation, the political economy of exile, and transnational kinship networks in undergirded Eritreans' capacities to claim refugee status and to organize politically.
Presenter: Fiori Berhane, PhD candidate, Brown University
Over recent years, migration researchers have become increasingly interested in examining how people in (super-)diverse environments are 'living-with-difference' (Valentine 2008). In large measure this is a response to the growing diversification of many major cities in Europe and beyond. Crucially, however, it is also an attempt to counter the concurrent phenomena of growing nationalism, populist movements, and panicked policy discourses centering on the notions of 'social cohesion' and 'integration' that are in evidence across the globe. Much of this research hones in on urban locales - from cities more broadly to neighbourhoods and concrete micro-publics such as parks, libraries, or public transport as spaces where everyday multiculture is produced and lived and where difference is negotiated in mundane encounters with fellow city dwellers. Now spanning a large number of different geographical contexts from Europe to Oceania, this burgeoning body of work calls for a systematic review in order to take stock of current knowledge. In this presentation, I provide an analysis and synthesis of international qualitative and ethnographic studies of urban diversity published over the past ten years, from 2006 to 2016. In this analysis, I outline and compare key findings that illuminate the conditions that enable or disable urban sociability and solidarity or processes of contestation and exclusion in different geo-political contexts, and I examine the research questions and theoretical lenses that researchers have employed in order to make suggestions for shaping a research agenda.
Presenter: Jessica Terruhn, Senior Research Officer, Massey University
Finland and Russia have rich common history, and no wonder, that Russian-speaking migrants are the third largest group in Finland. We have already thoughtful research background of cultural and social interactions. However, while the role of smaller migrant groups (like Kurd and Arabs) is being actively researched, the phenomenon of belonging of Russians in Finland remains still unclear. All the more reason, political and cultural processes taken place in the Russian Federation and Ukraine have caused certain changes in different migrant groups from the former Soviet Union in Finland. In my project, I research how recent political and social changes in Russia have influenced members of Russian-speaking minority in Finland, and how migrants have responded on that. I am taking interviews among people of different social groups, like employees, students, repatriates, who have Finnish roots. Using critical discourse analysis and thematic analysis, I analyse changes of sense of belonging of my interviewees and their expectations, which, I believe, will help to understand phenomenon of multi-belonging and nationalism.
In the paper I research to what extend nationalism is represented in everyday talks and internet activity of Russian migrants in Finland.
Presenter: Evgenii Volen, PhD student, University Of Turku (Finland)
The influx of one million refugees to European Union countries in 2015 became a putative crisis in Europe. Among them, a large number of young displaced people (aged from 18-25) were, and are still going through both displacement (forced migration from one location to another) and emergency adulthood (transition from adolescence to full-fledged adulthood). A solid body of research have shown concerns to unaccompanied minors but less elaborated the issues faced by youth in transition. In the young displaced people's transition to their destinations and adulthood, they are struggling to establish a life in the host communities, especially the youth who are placed in the rural area. At this particular moment, the everyday life exhibited by young people reshape their identity which furthermore impacts their wellbeing. Therefore, the research aims to reveal the everyday life of young displaced people who were placed in rural communities and how the host communities (especially the physical environment in rural areas) impact young displaced people's wellbeing. Participatory action paradigm methodology was employed in the research in order to maximise the young people's participation and to empower displaced people to exercise their rights. Young people were asked to take photos of the significant part of their daily life by themselves and they were encouraged to interpret the meanings of the photos with researcher as well as policy makers. This presentation will firstly demonstrate the strengths by the young displaced people through showing the photos and then discuss how can the displaced people work with multi-stakeholders collectively. If possible, one or two refugees would be encouraged to speak during the presentation. Overall, the presentation will bring out an innovative participatory approach to tackling refugee issues.
Presenter: Cathy Xi Cao Master Student, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre
This paper analyzes Indian immigrant's quest to forge a 'home' in Canada. Their emotional and psychological struggles to feel 'at home' have much to do with the biased representations of India that frequently highlight its poverty and related problems of illiteracy, superstition, gender oppression and religious conflict. There is not one imagined India but many and it is the differences that alienate and make immigrants feel that they do not belong in Canada. This heightens the immigrant's nostalgia for their cultures and lost 'homes' in India. Memory connects the immigrant's with their past selves and defines their present being. The paper juxtaposes the home 'here' in India with the home 'there' in Canada to illustrate that although homes are made of brick and mortar yet they part of our imagination and longing to belong and be 'at home.' Those who have left their places of birth, to make homes in other parts of the world, find that the past continues to resonate in their voices, hovers over their silences, and explains how they came to be who they are and inhabit what they call their home.
Presenter: Vijay Agnew, Professor, York University, Canada
The contemporary migrational processes shift from singular journeys from one space to another to multiple, circular and returning migrations across transnational spaces. This transnational concept of multiple ties and connections across the borders leads to the phenomenon of transculturalism as a dynamic perspective of understanding cultures, developing skills and knowledge to navigate through multi-faceted spaces and interact.
Transculturalism is a new emerging model of learning that recognizes the interconnection of knowledge, attitudes, and skills into responsible and liberatory action to make a difference in the world - to create a more socially just, equitable, inclusive, and peaceful world. A world, where each person takes multiple and varied actions individually and collectively. An action informed by inquiry, framing, positionality, dialogue, and reflection, that can be the catalyst for social justice, transformation, and inclusion. Transcultural learning as perspective transformation allows individuals located at the crossroads of cultures to switch between cultures as a mode of being in the world, as a quest for inclusion while considering common values, oppositions, tensions, and power in interactions. This presentation focuses on examining the transcultural framework and its application in educational programs that engage immigrants and mainstream in developing cultural competence and promoting paths for successful interaction and active participation in transnational environment. Implemented in the community-development program in one of the largest immigrant-serving agencies in Canada, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society, the transcultural learning model became a successful practice for fostering inclusion in the society. Including the holistic perspectives of transcultural learning is also imperative for future humankind. Ultimately, transcultural learning for sustainability is oriented toward values of peace, social justice and recognition of individuals as product and producers of transculturalism.
Presenter: Sinela Jurkova, PhD Student, University of Calgary
In 2006-2012, after decades in which very few asylum seekers entered the country, over 50,000 African asylum seekers came to Israel through its then open Southern border. Most of the newly arriving asylum seekers settled in the poor neighborhoods of South Tel Aviv. Beginning in 2011, Israeli residents of South Tel Aviv became very vocal against the continued stay of the asylum seekers in "their" neighborhoods - arguing that due to the concentration of the latters in South Tel Aviv, the quality of life in the area has further deteriorated, and blaming the pro-refugees NGOs for caring "only about Africans. " This friction between the "locals " and the "newcomers " led to demonstrations of the formers against the latters, verbal mutual accusations, and physical violence. In my presentation, I will examine the predictability of this friction, based on data from other cities around the world, and suggest - in hindsight - how could this been avoided or mitigated. I would also delve into the special role of NGOs and social activists in these situations: Could and should have Israeli NGOs predicted this friction? Is the criticism against them, made by some Israelis, that they protect the rights and interests of one marginalized group (asylum seekers) while overlooking the rights and interests of another marginalized group (poor Israeli residents of South Tel Aviv) justified? Could a joint action - by Israeli citizens and asylum seekers residing in South Tel Aviv, against the State/ municipality, to better deal with over-crowdedness etc. in South Tel Aviv - have been possible if NGOs or other activists had tried this course of action before a rivalry between the two groups have erupted and things went out of control?
Presenter: Yuval Livnat, Academic Supervisor, Refugee Rights Program, Tel Aviv University
In my report I want to demonstrate how the absence of spatial segregation in the post-Soviet city, inherited from the Soviet period, affects the trajectories of social and economic integration of migrants and I will explain the absence of 'ethnic areas' in today's Moscow. I will show how the structure of post-Soviet urban environment differs from the European and U.S. ones, and uses interviews with guest workers from Central Asia to map out the barriers encountered today by migrants looking for housing, as well as the strategies they employ in their search for accommodation in Moscow. Special attention I will paid to the role played by ethnic networks in the lives of migrant workers, and the ways in which these networks are configured by the urban space. Based on the results of my research, I will explain how the members of such communities maintain their ties and create their own social infrastructure in the city ('a Kyrgyz clinic', 'Uzbek' and 'Kyrgyz' cafes and restaurants). Again, such sites are not tied to a given quarter, but cater to co-ethnics from across the city. Information regarding 'where to receive medical treatment in Moscow' or 'where to celebrate a wedding' is transmitted through social networks, including pages on social networking sites creating by and for migrant (Demintseva and Peshkova 2014; Demintseva and Kashnitsky 2016).
Presenter: Ekaterina Demintseva, the head the Center for Family Policy and Quality of Life Studies at HSE, National Research University Higher School of Economics
This paper assesses the impact of different political, economic and environmental shocks on the size but also on the age and gender composition of asylum-related migration flows to Europe. To the authors best knowledge, no attempt has so far been made to understand how the nature of shocks in countries of origin affects the gender and age composition of asylum seeker flows toward Europe. The authors analyze the effect of different types of shocks on the number, gender and age composition of first time asylum seekers originating from 154 sending countries. Among the political shocks, the authors consider: violence between combatants, violence against civilians, infringement of political rights and civil liberties, and state terror. Concerning environmental shocks, natural disasters (such as droughts, floods, epidemics, etc.) have been included. The identification strategy exploits the different timing across the sending countries of the different types of shocks. The highly skewed distribution of the dependent variable is taken into account by using count data models. In particular, a Zero Inflated Negative Binomial model is adopted. Preliminary results show that different shocks - such as armed conflict and epidemics - exert a weak immediate effect on asylum-related migration flows but almost no effect on the gender and age composition. However, this result is certainly affected by the fact that no time lags have been introduced so far. Indeed, the time lags depend on several variables, such as distance, and the identification of appropriate time lags is still in progress. This research contributes to better informing national authorities in charge of receiving and providing assistance to migrants, since women and children/the elderly require different assistance than young men. To be prepared to offer the correct services, the relevant institutions have to be aware of changes in composition based on the shock in question.
Presenter: Christian Bruss, Junior Researcher, The Research Institute for the Evaluation of Public Policies of Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK-IRVAPP)
The presentation is aimed to balance the increasing relevance of populist movements across Europe with a multicultural approach, through a case-by-case analysis focused on specific group needs and vulnerabilities. The presentation will argue that the ECtHR's notion of "particularly vulnerable groups " might be fit for this purpose. Such an approach does take the form of an asymmetrical balance between competing rights and interests, through which vulnerable groups' needs are interpreted and prioritized, without focusing only (or mainly) on their cultural identities. Group identities are seriously taken into account, but only as a one-among-others factor, and only to the extent they produce a particular group vulnerability, that is specific and harmful conditions of need, in specific situations that are under scrutiny. That approach blurs the opposition between majority and minorities, so as to avoid (or to lessen) populist criticisms about politics of recognition. From that point of view, majorities and minorities are on the same side of the river, because many factors can produce conditions of vulnerability, and every individual can find him/herself in condition of vulnerability. No resources are subtracted to the majority for the sake of minority recognition, nor there is an opposition between insiders and outsiders: both can be vulnerable, depending on specific situations. Such an approach can be a step towards a more substantial idea of equality: it places an additional burden on states, by asking them to provide proofs that vulnerable people's specific conditions and needs have been considered, in order to appreciate the proportionality and reasonability of their choices.
Presenter: Fabio Macioce, Faculty member - Full professor, Lumsa University - Rome
To understand the Kurdish diaspora in London requires answering two interrelated questions of Kurdish forced migration history and Kurdish cultural identity. Thus, this study, firstly examines the history of Kurdish forced migration and displacement, exploring a common historical argument which positions the Kurds as powerless victims of the First World War (WW1). To this end it looks critically at the post-WW1 era and the development of the new nation state in the Middle East namely Turkey, Iraq and Syria. This first part creates the context for explaining and gaining a better understanding of the systematic sociopolitical marginalisation which led to forced migration of the Kurds since the 1920s. Secondly, this study, evaluates the integration experiences of some members of the Kurdish diaspora in London, who have settled in this city since the1990s. Furthermore, this part attempts to describe the shifting position of the Kurds from victims in the Middle East with trends in ethnic integration and the negotiations of multiculturalism in London. This capital city has historically the promise and attraction for many migrants to becoming Londoners and this now includes Kurdish-Londoners.
Moreover, the comparison made of the positions and perspectives of second generation Kurds born in Britain in the 1990s, to the first generation, that came to Britain in the 1990s. This allows an exploration of the notion of identity and the idea of home and belonging in the light of contemporary changes and concomitant theories of diaspora and refugee studies, and, where necessary, challenge those ideas. Therefore, with the dual question of history and identity in mind this study attempts to innovate in methodology.
Presenter: Ayar Ata, researcher, London South Bank University
In major cities there are consultation possibilities for refugees. But what about the suburbs or countryside's that don't have anyone but the refugees still live in? What about their opportunities to become integrated and have a possibility for work?
For this exact reason, our job, "Talentscout for Refugees" was initiated by MigraNet (IQ Landesnetzwerk Bayern) and AGABY (Committee of Councels's of Immigrants in Bavaria) to be able to have us in places where no one else goes. AGABY has been in place for almost 25 years and covers a vast majority of area with their Counsels of Immigrants throughout Bavaria.
Presenter: Souzan Nicholson, Talentscout für Flüchtlinge, Projekt von MigraNet und AGABY e.V.
A number of concepts relating to racial/ethnic discrimination have been used inconsistently in academic and policy literature. Whilst direct racist discrimination is perhaps the easiest type to understand, being rooted in racism and ethnic prejudice, many other types have little to do with an identifiable perpetrator, and are more contested in their meaning. In some cases the same concept has been taken by different authors to mean widely different things. For example, the terms 'structural discrimination', 'systemic discrimination' and 'institutional discrimination' have been used interchangeably as synonyms by some scholars, whereas others have drawn clear distinctions between them.
Focusing primarily on the sphere of employment, the paper begins by listing the types of ethnic discrimination that are most commonly found in the literature. Through the use of a typology and a process of cross-classification, the paper sets out ways of reducing the ambiguities surrounding many of these concepts, and suggests a clarification of the conceptual content and boundaries of each type. To assist in this exercise the paper draws on examples of discrimination in the labour market or at the workplace which have come to light in recent years in various European countries, whether by academic research, by NGO activity or in legal proceedings.
Finally the paper considers the value of adding some new types to the more recognised categories of discrimination, and raises questions as to whether assumptions about the nature and operation of the various types of discrimination have implications for the respective types of anti-discrimination policies and strategies to be adopted in the field of employment.
Presenter: John Wrench, Visiting Professor, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim
Donald Trump at the beginning of his presidency has ordered four executive orders highly anti-immigrant, anti-Mexican, and anti-Muslim. Among the main actions of these orders are: build a wall that will eventually be payed by Mexico in the US southern border; hire additional immigration officers to apprehend in the border area and deport in the interior certain aliens such as terrorists who are a risk to their national security; detain and remove criminal undocumented aliens; reinstate the 'Secure Communities'; temporarily denied entry to the U.S to those coming from seven Muslims countries, readjusting this Travel Ban to six countries; suspend temporarily the refuge program, among many xenophobic policies. Trump's new directives intend to speed up deportations denniying immigrants due process, drastically expanding the definition of 'criminals' who will be targeted for deportation. All of these actions have caused harm to Mexicans in the US and highly hurting the historically strong bilateral relationship between U.S. and México, a kind of 'Mexicanphobia', as well as to the Muslim communities. For this reason, these Trump anti-immigrant directives have created hate attitudes, an atmosphere of fear among the undocumented population who are more vulnerable than before, facing unprecedented uncertainty and driving adults and minors into the shadows.
Presenter: Monica Verea, Researcher with tenure, Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte (CISAN-UNAM)
The research by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency and the unique data it provides shed light on the process of integration of migrants and their descendants and to 'living together' in the EU. The survey and research findings are ground breaking in dispelling popular myths that are a part of the public debate about Muslim immigrants. At the same time they highlight the risks and challenges in fostering a stronger, more cohesive and inclusive EU society that builds on diversity as a fundamental constituent of European identity. 'Living together, a concept that has been recently adopted as legally relevant by European high -level courts, is put to test using the results of EU MIDIS II survey and the 'Together in the EU' study. The analysis aims at identifying selected aspects of the data regarding views and attitudes of migrants and their descendants, social distance and identity, as well as patterns of the EU Member States migrant integration policies. Experiences of integration, but also of discrimination and victimisation of migrants and their descendants are put into perspective in the path towards their full and equal participation in society.
Presenter: Miltos Pavlou, Senior Program Manager, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
As female migrant entrepreneurs in Europe operate in a male-dominated field and are also disadvantaged as minorities, appropriate policies and programmes need to be developed to support their businesses. Using a purposive sample of successful women entrepreneurs from the Hindustani Surinamese community in The Hague, this article examines how they overcame their challenges, and how gender and ethnicity influenced their products, markets and perceptions of 'success'. It shows that, in addition to the conventional concerns of entrepreneurs, such as having sufficient education, training and fiscal capabilities, these women used their backgrounds in choosing their businesses as well as expanding their networks and clients. They worked largely in services that had an ethnic character and were consistent with the accepted gender division in the community. Their families and community were important as employees, as sources of financial and emotional support, as well as clients. Their perception of success was not just on increased profits but closely linked to being able to realize their responsibilities to their children and families, and being able support/undertake social activities that could benefit those who were less privileged. Based on this analysis, the article makes policy proposals that could stimulate successful entrepreneurship amongst female migrants.
Presenter: Rachel Kurian, Senior Lecturer International Economics, Institute of Social Studies The Hague.
The international migration of nurses is not a new phenomenon; however, it is increasing significantly due to the rapidly growing global demand for nurses. Ageing populations and low fertility rates are the causes of severe shortages of nurses in developed countries. In addition, demand for nurses in developing countries has accelerated in recent years due to the increasing demands for quality health care that is accompanying their economic progress.
On the supply side, this robust demand is attracting nurses from developing countries. Larger salaries, better working environments and higher living standards are luring nurses. The growing demand has also led to the establishment of a large number of nursing institutions in several developing countries, which are attracting more young people to the study of nursing.
While economic factors still greatly influence decisions to migrate, the patterns of migration and the characteristics of migrating nurses are changing as the nurse-sending countries experience economic and social transformations. We argue that new trends are emerging that depart from the traditional nurse migration trends.
In the workshop, cases from India and the Philippines, two major sources of nurses for overseas jobs, will be presented. The Indian case will examine the impact of the globalized nursing market on both nursing students and nurses, and will analyse the characteristics of those who plan to work overseas and their motivations. The Philippine case will focus on the migration of Filipino nurses to New Zealand, and will analyze recent trends and future development. Finally, the workshop will discuss the impact of the growing global demand for nurses on nursing education in these countries and related policy issues.
Hisaya Oda, Professor, Ritsumeikan University
Yuko Tsujita, Researcher, Bangkok Research Centre, JETRO Bangkok Maria Reinaruth D. Carlos, Professor, Ryukoku University Hisaya Oda, Professor, Ritsumeikan University
Against the background of the recent migratory crisis in Europe, this Delmi report aims at examining and taking stock of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). It asks what has been achieved and what has failed, focusing on two of the most pressing challenges: (1) the unequal distribution of asylum seekers across the EU Member States and the search for a more equitable sharing of responsibilities; and (2) the wide variations regarding Member States' decision-making practices on asylum applications and the need to achieve more harmonized recognition rates. The authors label these two aspects 'solidarity' (regarding fair responsibility-sharing) and 'fairness' (regarding the approximation of asylum decisions).
Kristof Tamas, Director Migration Studies Delegation
Bernd Parusel, Expert, European Migration Network, Swedish Migration Agency Jan Schneider, Researcher, Research director for the German fund for integration and migration
Canada received a large number of Syrian refugees in therecent past. While public policies and discourses have evolved since their arrival in large numbers, administrations of towns and cities, Non-Governmental Agencies, and local citizens have continued to help the newcomers transition into their new homes, neighbourhoods, and countries. What has been achieved so far? Which structures and strategies have worked and how? What are some continuing challenges? And what are some short-term and long-term prospects of Syrian refugees settlement in places where they have landed? These questions will be addressed by the presenters in this workshop.
Sandeep Agrawal will focus on how the Syrians have navigated their settlement in small, medium, and large cities. Sepali Guruge will examine the collective response from various groups in Canada to the health issues of Syrian refugees. Mehrunnisa Ali will discuss the successes and limitations of the three streams though which they arrived, as well as dilemmas and tensions faced by private sponsors, non-governmental settlement agencies, and their sponsored families in the uniquely Canadian response to the Syrian crisis.
This will be an interactive workshop and audience participation will be elicited to add to our insights.
Mehrunnisa Ali, Professor, Ryerson University
Sandeep Agrawal, Professor, University of Alberta
Sepali Guruge, Professor, Ryerson University
Elke Winter, Associate Professor, University of Ottawa
Debbie Douglas, Executive Director, Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants
Mehrunnisa Ali, Professor, Ryerson University
Anna Gonser, Senior Researcher - Chair of International Urbanism and Design, Technische Universtät Berlin
Businesses are increasingly struggling to fill skills gaps from within their local labour market. Tapping into the migrant labour force more effectively could help alleviate this challenge. Cities are faced with the challenge of effectively integrating migrants, including easing access to the labour market. Capitalising on the skills migrants have to offer brings growth to the local economy and reduces the cost that migrants could potentially have on the welfare system due to unemployment. Migrants need to gain employment, thus contributing to the local economy and actively participating in their new community.
All three of the above stakeholders tend to address their respective challenges in silos resulting in disjointed solutions that are less effective. Indeed various initiatives and projects to address these challenges have already been implemented which have not yielded the desired or optimal results. Given the complementary needs of all three groups it is crucial for them to work on these issues in partnership to give results that can be mutually beneficial.
The aims of this workshop are as follows:
- To contribute to a better understanding of the overall situation regarding migration issues being addressed by cities and businesses, in partnership and separately;
- To draw attention to challenges and barriers faced by cities and businesses when engaging with migration issues and how they may be addressed;
- To promote a stronger link between business interest and the well-being of migrants, as well as the priorities of local governments;
- To encourage cities and businesses to act as enablers of opportunities for migrants.
Teressa Juzwiak,. Training and Research Manager, The Hague Process on Refugees and Migration (THP)
Melissa Siegel, Professor of Migration Studies, Maastricht University & UNU-MERIT
Nava Hinrichs, Managing Director, The Hague Process on Refugees and Migration (THP)
Teressa Juzwiak,. Training and Research Manager, The Hague Process on Refugees and Migration (THP)
As a response to the increasing migration imposed on the Northern Europe, the Scandinavian countries - Denmark, Sweden and Norway - have developed Introduction programs for newly arrived refugees with permanent residence, to facilitate better integration. Although the Introduction programs of each country have their disparities, the overall goal is to qualify the refugees to the national labourmarkets, as well as systematically introduce the refugees to the society and provide language training. This workshop will have a comparative approach from the Scandinavian countries, and describe the introduction programs from four aspects:
(1) What does labour market statistics tell about the program and its results?
(2) What do the most recent evaluations show?
(3) What are the perspectives of the users of the Introduction programs?
(4) Are the Scandinavian introduction programmes a model for other countries?
The workshop will have an interdisciplinary approach as it will be represented by policymakers, researchers, government officials, and probably be led by are presentative from the OECD. The researchers will provide new research insight as well as emphasize best practices of these integration initiatives. As well as the comparative approach between the Scandinavian countries, the workshop will discuss the sustainability of the introduction programs with a possible increase in refugee arrivals. Furthermore, there will be a discussion on whether the principles of these programs might be transferable to other countries in qualifying new refugees to the labour market, as well as facilitate general integration.
Introduction & moderator: Thomas Liebig, OECD
The Program across boarders- Vilde Hernes, University of Oslo
The Danish case: Jacob Nielsen Arendt. KORA
The Norwegian case: Anette Walstad Enes, Statistics Norway
The Swedish case: Pernilla Andersson Joona, SOFI
The perspectives of the users; Kristian Rose Tronstad, NIBR
Katarina Heradstveit, Head of section, Analysis, The Norwegian Directorate of Integration and Diversity
Catrine Bangum, Senior adviser in Nordic Council of Ministers
Thomas Liebig, Senior Migration Specialist in the International Migration Division of the OECD's Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs in Paris
Jacob Nielsen Arendt, Director of Research at the ROCKWOOL Foundation Research Unit, Denmark
Pernilla Andersson Joona, Associate professor in Economics at the Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) at Stockholm University, Sweden
Anette Walstad Enes, Senior advisor, Statistics Norway
Kristian Rose Tronstad, Researcher, Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research(NIBR), University of Oslo, Norway
Vilde Hernes, University of Oslo, Norway
At the beginning of his presidency, Donald Trump has ordered different executive orders highly anti-immigrant and anti-Mexican. Among the main actions to be implemented are: build a wall that will eventually be paid by Mexico in the US southern border; hire additional immigration officers to apprehend in the border area and deport in the interior certain aliens who are a risk to their national security; detain and remove criminal undocumented aliens; reinstate the "Secure Communities". Trump's new directives intend to speed up deportations denying immigrants due process, drastically expanding the definition of "criminals" who will be targeted for deportation. All of these actions have already caused harm to Mexicans in the USA, highly hurting the historically strong bilateral relationship between U.S. and México. The panel will explore diverse topics to highlight strategic issues in this scenario. Departing from the key role of promoting collective action, as a way to protect human rights of undocumented migrants in the USA, it is relevant to analyze their capacity as a tool of resilience, and its impact in the political and social sphere of that country. The Trump anti-immigrant directives will be discussed in order to trace the current hate attitudes and its consequences in promoting self-deportation, as well as the atmosphere of fear among the undocumented population who are more vulnerable than before. A second track of this debate will pay attention to the role of U.S. employers in the operation of irregular migration flows from Mexico and Central America to the United States, focusing on the migrant smuggling industry. An interesting case study from the state of Tamaulipas, in the northern border of Mexico with USA, will provide information to clarify the complexity of migration trends between these countries, as it will analyze the forced displacement of owners of productive and rural areas in that region, as a consequence of violence by organized crime.
Silvia Nunez Garcia
Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.13) and 2 (Workshop 2.13) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.13) and 2 (workshop 4.13) + Thursday round 1 (workshop 5.13) and 2 (workshop 6.13)
A program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague, and the Network “Integration through Qualification” (IQ) from Germany. The symposium is organized on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Round 1 and 2 (you can select one or more days), for more information see:
Panel 1 Tuesday September 19: Labour Market Integration in Times of Uncertainty: Scenarios, Challenges, Solutions
Moderation: Mihaela Vieru
A number of cornerstones of European Union (EU) citizenship – such as the freedom of movement and residence, as well as the non-discriminatory treatment of workers who are legally employed in another EU country – have enabled hundreds of thousands of Union citizens to work and live in EU countries other than their own. However, in many countries across the EU these values have been questioned. This panel addresses the many questions that arise in this context: How will the changing environment across the EU affect the movement of EU workers and how might we expect to see the current patterns change? Are there new policy solutions which can help to address the needs of businesses for migrant workers whilst providing reassurance that any negative consequences from the movement of labour, whether for migrants or for host societies, will be addressed?
Session 1: „Mapping Migration Scenarios and Migrant Labour Market Policies in Europe”
This session provides a general understanding of the interconnectedness of the European labour market (“Europeanization”) and how this is linked to questions of migration in general (e.g. expected migration flows) and labour market policies EU migrants and Third-country nationals (e.g. the freedom of movement and residence, as well as the non-discriminatory treatment of workers).
Since 2015, a large number of refugees have left Syria and other countries in the region. Germany, Sweden Canada have been some of the most welcoming countries for refugees and governments and civil society organizations have developed programs and services to support their integration. One of the most important elements of their integration is the appropriate recognition of their qualifications, which is made more difficult when people from countries in turmoil cannot obtain official copies of their documents. This workshop reviews initiatives in Canada, Germany, and Sweden which have been addressing this issue.
Organizer of the Workshop:
Tim Owen, WES Canada Anne Güller-Frey, IQ Network MigraNet, Germany
Hannah Ott, Councelling Service on Recognition of Foreign Credentials, IQ Network MigraNet, Germany
Workshop given on Tuesday - round 1(workshop 1.18e) and 2 (workshop 2.18e) + Wednesday round 1(workshop 3.18e) and 2 (workshop 4.18e) If you want to attend this symposium you have to select round 1 and 2 in your personal program.
A Program offered by the International Metropolis Project, the City of The Hague and the research group Metropolitan Development of The Hague University of Applied Sciences. This workshop will find place outside the conference venue at The Hague University of Applied Sciences. Buses will bring you to this venue and back to the World Forum.
For more information see www.metropolisthehague.org/programme/symposium3.php